COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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 Belgium - Profile Updates


1. Historical perspective: cultural policies and instruments

As a result of more general ‘internal state reform’ in Flanders, the provinces will soon lose most of their culture competence (2018).

3.4 International cultural co-operation

3.4.5 Cross-border intercultural dialogue and co-operation

A new Flemish-Moroccan culture centre, Darna, was due to open in Brussels in autumn 2017.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

In 2016 the new Knowledge Centre for Culture and Media Participation was set up to carry out research on participation of the Flemish population.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.2.1 Conceptual issues of policies for the arts

Following a survey on the profile of the artist, the Flemish Minister has introduced new policy initiatives to improve their conditions.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.2.1 Conceptual issues of policies for the arts

In 2016, the Flemish Minister allocated arts organisations 3,2 million more than in 2016 in an attempt to address budget stagnation in recent years.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

In 2006, the Flemish government approved a new policy toolbox for companies in the culture industries sector: CultuurInvest.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.2.4 Cultural diversity and inclusion policies

In 2017, the current Minister of Culture in Flanders has integrated attention for intercultural participation in regular policies.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

In 2018 a new Flemish structure to support entrepreneurship in the cultural sector will be formed.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.10 Gender equality and cultural policies

In 2017, the Flemish Minister of Culture commissioned research on gender inequality in the arts sector to inform policy in this area.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.11 New technologies and digitalisation in the arts and culture

Cultuurconnect (2016) is a new Flemish support centre for the network of Flemish libraries and cultural centres.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.11 New technologies and digitalisation in the arts and culture

The government was due to launch a Flemish cultural policy paper on digitalisation and new technologies in winter 2017.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.7 Copyright provisions

Since 2017, a new reprography regulation simplifies the system so that payment will only be collected from operators and these payments are then distributed to the authors and publishers.

5.2 Legislation on culture

In 2017, a new Flemish Act on Socio-Cultural Work for Adults will promote activities that are linked to personal development, social inclusion, active citizenship, and much more.

5.2 Legislation on culture

A new Heritage Decree (2017) related to moveable heritage streamlines procedures and implementation of cultural policy. New heritage priorities have also been set for the period 2019 to 2023.

6. Financing of culture

6.3. Trends and indicators for private cultural financing

Additional financing and entrepreneurship measures to complement public funding will operate from 2018.

6. Financing of culture

6.3. Trends and indicators for private cultural financing

A study on culture of patronage in Flanders was carried out in 2017.

8.1 Support to artists and other creative workers

8.1.1 Overview of strategies, programmes and direct or indirect forms of support

In 2018, the government will implement regulations that stimulate citizens to buy art works from living Flemish artists.

8.3 Arts and cultural education

8.3.1 Institutional overview

There is reform underway of the Flemish part-time arts education in music, dance, drama and visual arts which will be ready for the start of the new school year 2018-2019.