Library professionals argue that a European directive on copyright payments would undermine the vitality of public libraries.
8.1.3 Grants, awards, scholarships
Outside the usual grant systems for artists from different professional fields, special grants for literary creation have been operating since 1996. There is also support for young creators through exhibitions and prizes derived from the Ministry of Culture, local administrations and private bodies.
Significant sources of support from state bodies are as follows:
The third sector, in particular foundations, plays a prominent role in awarding scholarships and prizes - the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, for example, which awards scholarships in various fields. In the arts field, there are scholarships for specialised study and professional development abroad; the dance support programme; and development scholarships in music.
This foundation is also important for its grants and awards for creative projects in the visual arts; for its support to new theatrical producers; for theatrical research. It also has awards for restoring and improving heritage sites (Vasco Vilalva prize); for emerging young writers of children's and young people's literature (Branquinho da Fonseca prize), among many others.
Another foundation with a key-role in providing scholarships in the artistic and cultural field is the Luso-American Development Foundation (FLAD). Of particular note is the funding provided for short-term secondments abroad in the fields of language, literature, music and musicology.