COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Poland/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.3 Sector breakdown

Polish statistics on culture are not adapted to EUROSTAT requirements but rather to the following classifications (budget classification).

According to Central Statistical Office (CSO, Culture in 2013) the largest part of the expenditure of the state budget was allocated to operation of museums – 24.2%, and to protection and preservation of monuments – 16.9%. From the self-government entities budgets, the majority of expenditure was spent on the activities of cultural centres and establishments, clubs and community centres – 29% and libraries – 17.8%.

The Table below contains data for 2009, since more up-to-date information is incomplete and does not contain local government expenditure.

Table 9:    Public cultural expenditure: sector breakdown, in thousands of PLN, 2009

Field

State expenditure (1)

Local governments expenditure (2)

Total

% share

Total

% share

Museums

338 675

21.26

742 957

11.69

Protection and restoration of historic monuments

143 978

9.04

435 127

6.85

Other activities regarding the protection of monuments

21 283

1.34

2 904

0.05

Galleries and art exhibitions (offices)

8 589

0.54

43 818

0.69

Cultural and arts centres

210 563

13.22

247 773

3.90

Libraries

106 131

6.66

1 094 388

17.22

Cultural houses, arts centres, clubs and art rooms

13 726

0.86

1 785 996

28.11

Archives

110 570

6.94

5 004

0.08

Theatres

146 574

9.20

727 500

11.45

Philharmonics, orchestras, choirs

49 485

3.11

237 864

3.74

Cinematography (production, distribution etc.)

5 420

0.34

2 731

0.04

Polish Film Institute

10 458

0.66

0

0.0

Television and radio activities

22 384

1.41

30

0.0

Total

 

100.00

 

100.00

Source:    Central Statistics Office, Culture in 2009.
1.             Including transfers to local governments.
2.             Including transfers within local governments.

The data from previous years is aggregated in Tables below.

Table 10:  State cultural expenditure: sector breakdown, in thousand PLN, 2005-2008

Field

State expenditure (1)

2008

2007

2006

2005

Total

%

Total

%

Total

%

Total

%

Museums

351 898

23.67

313 895

23.89

253 415

22.74

263 599

25.54

Protection and restoration of historic monuments

171 685

11.55

176 532

13.44

72 331

6.49

44 366

4.30

Other activities regarding the protection of monuments

125 160

7.76

120 209

9.15

111 059

9.96

97 812

9.48

Galleries and art exhibitions (offices)

8 701

0.59

8 831

9.67

8 587

0.77

8 680

0.84

Cultural and arts centres

154 832

10.42

118 679

9.03

110 561

9.92

77 936

7.55

Libraries

135 462

9.11

132 617

10.10

134 432

12.06

139 522

13.52

Cultural houses, arts centres, clubs and art rooms

17 970

1.21

10 771

0.82

15 788

1.42

17 946

1.74

Archives

117 479

7.90

97 978

7.46

85 338

7.66

90 494

8.77

Theatres

145 739

9.80

141 546

10.77

146 598

13.15

149 444

14.46

Philharmonics, orchestras, choirs

49 471

3.33

42 674

3.25

41 975

3.84

41 975

4.07

Cinematography (film production, distribution etc.)

2 851

0.19

1 696

0.13

4 771

0.43

n.a

n.a

Polish Film Institute

18 652

1.25

16 911

1.29

30 748

2.76

n.a

n.a

Television and radio activities

21 768

1.46

21 563

1.64

15 766

1.41

n.a

n.a

Total

 

100.00

 

100.00

 

100.00

 

100

Source:    Central Statistics Office, Culture in ... data from years 2005 - 2008.
1.             Including transfers to local governments.

Table 11:  Local governments (all levels) cultural expenditure: sector breakdown, in thousand PLN, 2005-2008

Field

Local governments expenditure (2)

2008

2007

2006

2005

Total

%

Total

%

Total

%

Total

%

Museums

652 787

12.06

571 631

12.09

546 545

12.89

453 947

13.21

Protection and restoration of historic monuments

388 078

7.17

337 557

7.14

244 595

5.77

122 302

3.56

Other activities regarding the protection of monuments

2 827

0.05

2 484

0.05

2 276

0.05

1 910

0.06

Galleries and art exhibitions (offices)

37 569

0.69

35 964

0.76

36 022

0.85

31 212

0.91

Cultural and arts centres

170 393

3.15

144 399

3.05

117 021

2.76

82 725

2.41

Libraries

1 037 554

19.17

938 334

19.84

881 608

20.80

818 283

23.81

Cultural houses, arts centres, clubs and art rooms

1 440 127

26.61

1 250 065

26.43

1106 784

26.11

901 922

26.24

Archives

976

0.02

746

0.02

907

0.02

849

0.02

Theatres

731 420

13.52

637 100

13.47

614 726

14.50

504 031

14.67

Philharmonics, orchestras, choirs

191 509

3.54

159 574

3.37

135 564

3.20

142 097

4.13

Cinematography (film production, distribution etc.)

2 460

0.05

471

0.01

2 282

0.05

n.a

n.a

Polish Film Institute

0

0.0

0

0.0

9

0.0

n.a

n.a

Television and radio activities

9

0.0

109

0.0

114

0.0

n.a

n.a

Total

 

100

 

100

 

100

 

100

Source:    Central Statistics Office, Culture in ... data from years 2005 - 2008.
2.             Including transfers within local governments.

The levels of expenditure for different cultural institutions and forms of cultural activity have remained more or less consistent in comparison to previous years, but an increase in spending on activities related to national heritage are noticeable. In 2007, the highest amount of state expenditure on culture was allocated to museums 23.89% (22.74% in 2006; 25.54% in 2005; 25.76% in 2004; 22.20 % in 2003; 20.4% in 2002). In 2007, local government spending priorities in the cultural sector, similarly to past years, were cultural houses and centres and clubs, representing a share of 26.43% (26.11% in 2006; 26.24% in 2005) and libraries 19.84% (20.8% in 2006; 23.8% in 2005). In 2008, the trend remained steady: State expenditure was focused on museums (23.67%), while local government spent most on cultural houses (26.61%) and libraries (19.17%).


Chapter published: 20-08-2015

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