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Poland/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.2 Public cultural expenditure broken down by level of government

Table 8:     Public cultural expenditure: by level of government, in PLN and EUR, 2012

Level of government

Total expenditure in PLN

Total expenditure in EUR

% share of total

State (1)

1 616 800 000

395 479 673.2

19.95%

Local administration (2)

6 664 100 000

1 630 081 698.5

80.05%

a) Provinces

1 365 348 000*

331 411 233.6

16.90%

b) Districts (3)

2 400 779 000*

582 741 637.9

29.70%

c) Local (municipalities and communes)

3 012 000 000 

736 754 561.9

44.00%

TOTAL

8 280 900 000

2 025 561 371.7

100.00%

Source:     Central Statistical Office, Expenditure on Culture in 2010 and Culture in 2012.Amounts in EUR given according to the National Bank of Poland average exchange rates of 2011(1 EUR = 4.1198 PLN).
(1)              Excluding transfers to local administration.
(2)              Excluding transfers between different levels of local administration.
(3)              Including cities with the status of district.
*                 Data from 2011.

The data from previous years are aggregated in the graphs below.

Graph 1:   Public expenditure on culture, broken down by level of government, in thousands EUR, 2005-2010

Source:     Yearly publications of the Central Statistical Office, Culture in..., EUR exchange rates according to the National Bank of Poland of December 31st, each year (2005: 1 EUR = 4.025 PLN, 2006: 1 EUR = 3.895 PLN, 2007: 1 EUR = 3.783 PLN, 2008: 1 EUR = 3.516 PLN, 2009: 1 EUR = 4.1082 PLN, 2010: 1 EUR = 3.9603 PLN).

Graph 2:   Public expenditure on culture, broken down by level of government, in %, 2005-2010

Source:     Yearly publications of the Central Statistical Office, Culture in....

City of Warsaw

Warsaw as the capital and biggest city In Poland Has also the biggest budget for cultural activities. The city supports yearly 19 municipal theatres and numerous other municipal institutions. According to agreements with the Mazovia region significant subsidies are also transferred to regional cultural institutions based in Warsaw. There are also 3 co-led with the Ministry of Culture institutions seated in Warsaw. The NGOs acting in the field of culture (1 500 foundations and associations according to Klon / Jawor reports) are an important power, most of them co-finances their activity with the support of city grants. There are also numerous private organisers of cultural life, especially clubs, cafes and private theatres.

The city's expenditure on culture noted steady and significant raise in the last 6 years, this was partially due to the preparations to the ECoC 2016 competition, but also due to huge investments in infrastructure. In 2008 the overall expenditure on culture equalled 551.9 million PLN (5% of the total budget) among which over 26 million PLN were earmarked on NGOs activities. The financial crisis did not have a significant influence on the cultural expenditure in years 2009 and 2010. A slight decrease has been noted in 2011 (- 8% in comparison to the previous year) and further cuts for 2012 (-10.6 % in comparison to the previous year). The cuts concern mostly subsidies for the municipal theatres activities and grants for NGOs. The investments seem to be unthreatened.

A widely discussed issue was Warsaw's expenditure related to the ECoC 2016 competition. In years 2008 – 2011 the city has spent for the preparations over 15.9 million PLN. Since Warsaw did not succeed in the pursuit for the ECoC title, the cultural activists and journalists demanded an external assessment of the spending and detailed evaluation report, yet this has not been done.


Chapter published: 20-12-2013

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              Council of Europe/ERICarts, "Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe, 15th edition", 2014 | ISSN 2222-7334