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Poland/ 5.1 General legislation  

5.1.4 Social security frameworks

Within the Ministry of Culture, a Commission for Pension Provisions for Artists was set up to determine the starting date of a creative and / or artistic career for pension purposes. Decisions are made in accordance with the following legal Acts:

  • Act on the Social Security System of the 15th of October 1998 / DZ.U.Nr.157, poz.887; and
  • Act on Pensions from the Social Security Fund of the 17th of December 1998.

Those concerned must send the Commission a form together with necessary documents confirming the duration and character of their work.

In 2012 a new Pension Law was enacted, extending the retirement age for both men and women to 67 years. The new law will be implemented gradually, starting from 1 January 2013. This issue raised serious concerns among artists, especially dancers, who are afraid of not being able to benefit from an earlier pension. Yet, according to the Social Insurance Institution, the Prime Minister's Decree of 7 February 1983 is still in force and no new regulations have been introduced so far. This means that, some groups of artists can retire earlier. For example:

  • dancer / acrobat: women at the age of 40, men at the age of 45;
  • singer: women at the age of 45, men at the age of 50; and
  • musician: women at the age of 55, men at the age of 60.

This Law concerns young artists also – those born after 1 January 1969. In order to be able to apply for early retirement, they need to have 25 (men) or 20 (women) years of work experience, including 15 years in the profession of artist.

Artists in a difficult financial situation are eligible to apply for a subsistence allowance granted by the Minister of Culture from the Fund for Promotion of Creativity. The allowance is granted once after the application has been positively verified by the commission appointed by the Minister.

See also comparative information provided in the Compendium "Themes!" section under "Status of Artists".

Chapter published: 20-08-2015

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