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Poland/ 3.4 International cultural co-operation  

3.4.1 Overview of main structures and trends

The overall character of Polish international cultural co-operation is determined by either specific geographical location or economic and political interest. The main groups that benefit from Polish cultural diplomacy tend to be part of influential and opinion-making circles throughout the world, mainly in the Member States of the EU. On the other hand, Polish cultural diplomacy supports co-operation with countries on its Eastern border: Ukraine, Russia and Belarus, the latter via non-governmental bodies. Poland is also engaged in multilateral co-operation with regional organisations e.g. Visegrad Group and Ars Baltica. Another very visible focus of cultural co-operation is the USA, which is tied up with economic lobbying. Cultural links with Israel are also important due to the historical background of the Jewish Diaspora.

The most distinct change in foreign cultural policy has been fuelled by Poland's accession to the European Union and is aimed at strengthening relations with EU structures and West European countries. Simultaneously, there has been a visible set-back in former East-East relations. Over the past years, the significance of state bilateral co-operation has been decreasing and is being replaced by activities initiated by European organisations and initiatives undertaken by networks, institutions and individual artists who have pursued their own (direct) forms of co-operation.

Chapter published: 20-08-2015

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