COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Cinema attendance is very high at 70%.

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Norway/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation  

8.2.1 Trends and figures

The interest in cultural activities in Norway was growing until 2008, however, according to the last survey on cultural participation, this tendency has not continued within the last four years. Cultural statistics for 2012 from Statistics Norway show a decline in some areas of cultural activity. Cinema is the cultural activity that most Norwegians attend, while concerts and sports events are the second and third most popular activities. While 67% of the population goes to the cinema one or more times each year, the figures for concerts and sports events are 61% and 55% respectively. The interest in ballet and dance is much lower, but growing: 14% of the population attended ballet and dance events in 2012, compared with 9% in 1994. In 2004, cultural statistics included cultural festivals for the first time. The statistics indicate that 28% of the population participated in a cultural festival during 2004, increasing to 31% in 2012.

Women show a greater interest in cultural activities than men in most areas, and children between the ages of 9 to 15 years old are the most active age group. Participation in cultural activities is socially differentiated. A high income and higher education increase the participation rates for cultural activities. Participation is also greater in urban areas. Physical access plays a crucial role in the participation trends.

Table 9:     Cultural participation in the last 12 months, in %, 1994, 2000, 2008 and 2012

Field

1994

2000

2008

2012

Cinema

61%

65%

70%

67%

Sports events

59%

57%

56%

55%

Public libraries

51%

52%

51%

49%

Museum

45%

45%

43%

41%

Theatre / musical

45%

50%

53%

45%

Art-exhibition

44%

44%

42%

38%

Concerts

55%

58%

62%

61%

Ballet and dance

9%

11%

13%

14%

Opera / operetta

5%

6%

7%

8%

Culture festivals

 

 

32%

31%

Religious meetings

39%

41%

39%

34%

Source:     Statistics Norway.

Household spending on culture and leisure increased (at least in real value) from 2004 to 2009. From 2009 to 2014, there has been a significant decrease in household spending on culture and leisure. Household spending, measured in share of total household expenditure, has dropped by 2.4 percentage points from 2004 to 2012. Spending on movies and CDs has decreased significantly both in NOK and in the share of the total household expenditure.

Table 10:   Expenditure per household per year, by (selected) commodity and service group, in NOK and %, 2004 and 2012 (real value)

Items (Field/Domain)

Household expenditure for culture in NOK 2004

% share of total household expenditure 2004

Household expenditure for culture in NOK 2012

% share of total household expenditure 2012

Culture and leisure in total

38 085

12.4

43 347

10

AV equipment

6 696

2.2

7 515

1,7

Equipment for the reception, recording and reproduction of sound and pictures

2 826

0.9

3 364

0,8

Photo equipment, binoculars, etc.

567

0.2

805

0,2

Movies, CDs, cassettes, etc.

1 365

0.4

826

0,2

Other goods, culture and leisure

2 494

0.8

3 888

0,9

Musical instruments, larger objects for indoor recreation

346

0.1

382

0,1

Games, toys and hobbies

1 599

0.5

1 591

0,4

Services, recreation and culture

9 836

3.2

10 103

2,3

Sports and leisure services

2 383

0.8

2 896

0,7

Cultural services, entertainment

4 524

1.5

4 933

1,1

Film, theatre and concerts

993

0.3

1 198

0,3

Museums, zoos

384

0.1

477

0,1

Television fees and rental of equipment

2 360

0.8

2 901

0,7

Newspapers, books and stationery

5 889

1.9

4 884

1,1

Books

2 181

0.7

1 638

0,4

Newspapers and periodicals

3 104

1

2 649

0,6

Various publications

295

0.1

288

0,1

Source:     Statistics Norway - Culture Statistics 2008.


Chapter published: 20-03-2017

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