3.4.3 European / international actors and programmes
Multilateral cooperation in the cultural field includes Norwegian participation in the activities of international organisations such as:
Multilateral cooperation in the cultural field includes Norwegian participation in the activities of international organisations such as The Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of Ministers.
The Nordic Council was formed in 1952 and is the forum for Nordic parliamentary cooperation. Since then, cultural cooperation has been the core component of intra-Nordic cooperation. The Nordic Council of Ministers, which was formed in 1971, is the forum for Nordic governmental cooperation. Culture is defined as one of the major areas for cooperation.
In 2005, a new structure for cultural cooperation was proposed and prepared. The aim was to add more energy, visibility and new working methods to Nordic cultural cooperation and to add more focus to the national contributions. The reform was passed by the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2006 and implemented in 2007.
The overall aim of the reform was to allocate more money for projects, while spending fewer resources on administration. One of the main structural changes was the establishment of Culture Contact North, which replaced the former expert committees in literature, music, visual arts, performing arts, culture and media, youth cooperation, children and culture, as stated below.
The reform also implied that the following cultural institutions were to be closed down on 1 January 2007: Nordiskt Center för Scenekonst - NordScen, Nordisk Institut för Samtidskonst - NIFCA, Nordiska musikkommittéen - NOMUS, Nordiska litteratur- och bibliotekskommittéen - NordBok.
Reform of the Nordic cultural cooperation was evaluated in 2010 (The evaluation can be downloaded here (http://www.tmforsk.no/mediafiler/fil.asp?id=1170) .
In order to give the culture and media sector in the Nordic region more opportunities to work together, the Ministries of Culture have set up three new programmes:
The Nordic Culture Fund (Nordisk Kulturfond) is a Nordic body of cooperation whose task is to support cultural cooperation in a broad sense among the Nordic countries. The Nordic Culture Fund awards approximately DKK 25 million every year to cultural projects in the Nordic Region or to Nordic projects outside the Nordic Region. The projects that are supported reflect the entire spectrum of cultural life and involve all areas, including visual art, theatre, music and dance, literature and new media. Education, research and trans-sector projects are also supported, although these projects must have a clear connection to art and culture. Projects that can receive support from the Fund must include at least three Nordic countries or autonomous areas (the Faroe Islands, Greenland and the Aaland Islands).
Every year, the Nordic Council awards a literature prize, a music prize, a film prize and a nature and environment prize. Each prize is worth DKK 350 000.
Further information on Nordic cultural cooperation is available at http://www.norden.org/.
Although not a member of the EU, Norway is closely associated with the European Union through the Agreement on the European Economic Area, which also encompasses cultural cooperations. Norway takes part in relevant programmes such as:
The Council of Europe
Norway is one of the ten countries that established the Council of Europe in 1949 and has been a member of the European Cultural Convention - the basic document which regulates the cultural cooperation between the member states - since 1956. Norway takes part in the cultural cooperation of the Council of Europe in the Steering Committee for Culture.
Norway is a member of UNESCO and has participated in the international work for the protection and promotion of cultural diversity, including the Convention on the Promotion and Protection of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, which was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO in October 2005. Norway ratified the Convention in January 2007. At the same time, Norway also ratified another UNESCO Convention - the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.
The International Network on Cultural Policy (INCP)
Norway has been a member of the INCP since 1999 and has been active in the working group on Cultural Diversity and Globalisation that elaborated the framework and scope of a cultural diversity instrument, which has been developed and is now carried out by UNESCO.