COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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The Gift and Inheritance Tax Act 2012 has been extended until 2018, making ‘giving to culture’ fiscally attractive.

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Netherlands/ 5.1 General legislation  

5.1.5 Tax laws

Gift and Inheritance Tax Act

In order to stimulate cultural entrepreneurship and donations for culture, the Gift and Inheritance Tax Act 2012 [Geefwet] was implemented.

The Act covers a number of aspects of fiscal law in order to make "giving to culture" fiscally attractive. The act also introduces a new multiplier of 125% which applies to donations made to cultural institutions. Cultural institutions that wish to profit from this ruling have to qualify as a Public Benefit Organisation, or PBO [Algemeen Nut Beogende Instellingen ANBI]. An institution qualifies as a PBO only when at least 90% of its efforts are focused on the general good. PBOs are subject to a number of tax advantages:

  • a PBO does not pay Dutch inheritance tax or gift tax on inheritances or gifts that the institution allocates to the general good;
  • a PBO does not pay Dutch gift tax on gifts that the institution makes for the general good; and
  • persons and companies making donations to a PBO may deduct their gifts from their Dutch income tax or corporate income tax. The tax exemption counts for the first 5 000 EUR spent on cultural gifts. Under this ceiling, individual persons can deduct up to 125%, while companies can deduct up to 150%.

In accordance with the Ministry of Finance, Minister of Culture Jet Bussemaker has extended the Gift and Inheritance Tax Act until the 1st of January2018.

Monuments

80% of the costs for the maintenance of monuments and gardens are tax-deductible, for buildings listed in the Register of monuments [Monumentenregister]. In September 2016 Minister Bussemaker announced in the Miljoennenota 2017 that this tax arrangement will be abolished from 2017,.but this plan has been postponed for at least a year. The Dutch tax administration has a specific department for tax issues concerning monuments [Belastingdienst Bureau Monumentenbouw BBM].

Volunteers

Volunteers may earn a tax-free extra income of 150 EUR a month maximum, up to 1 500 EUR maximum a year. Up to this amount, they do not need to account for their expenses. Additional compensation is possible, provided that the organisation reports the compensation to the tax inspector, on a yearly basis.

VAT

The VAT [BTW] system is divided into three rates: a high rate of 21%, a low rate of 6% and a 0% rate. EU legislation allows the member states to charge the low VAT rate on tickets for shows, theatres, circuses, funfairs, amusement parks, concerts, museums, zoos, cinemas, exhibitions and similar cultural events and venues. Artists who work on commission, such as writers, composers of advertising jingles, architects and designers, all charge the higher VAT rate.


Chapitre publié: 13-03-2017

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