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Netherlands/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.3 Cultural policy objectives

The Council of Europe has four main principles in cultural matters: (1) respect for identity and promotion of cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue; (2) respect for freedom of expression, association and opinion; (3) support for creativity; and (4) promotion of cultural participation, democratisation of culture and cultural democracy (click here for the English website). The Dutch policy objectives reflect these principles, particularly the principles referring to freedom of expression and the support for creativity and participation in cultural life.

Although Dutch cultural policy is being reformulated every four years, there is a high degree of continuity in practice. Internationalisation, participation, education, innovation, talent development, entrepreneurship and the preservation of cultural heritage have long been priority areas. Recently however, the main focal points have shifted to participation, entrepreneurship and philanthropy (see chapter 8.3; chapter 8.4; chapter 4.2.9 and chapter 6.3).

Besides cultural policy, central government also develops policy concerning media affairs. The Dutch media is based on freedom of speech and independence, and is obliged to offer high-quality content that is varied and balanced. The central government may not interfere in this content, but has to create an enabling environment for a varied and representative media system (public broadcasters). The principles governing the organisation, funding and tasks of these public broadcasters are laid down in the Media Act (see  chapter 4.2.6 and chapter 5.3.7).

Chapter published: 07-03-2017

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