COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Key Resources / Informations générales / Hintergrunddokumente

Multi-Stakeholder Governance / La gouvernance multi-acteurs

Council of Europe / Conseil de l'Europe / Europarat

Governance of Culture – Promoting Access to Culture
Final Statement of the 10th Council of Europe Conference of Ministers of Culture, Moscow, April 2013

Governance of Culture – Promoting Access to Culture / Gouvernance de la culture – promouvoir l’accès à la culture / Управление культурой – содействие доступу к культуре
Background Paper by Elena Di Federico, researcher Zsuzsa Hunyadi, sociologist, and Péter Inkei, director of the Budapest Observatory prepared for the 10th Council of Europe Conference of Ministers of Culture "Governance of Culture – Promoting Access to Culture", Moscow, April 2013.

CultureWatchEurope: Cultural governance observatory
The Council of Europe’s CultureWatchEurope Initiative (CWE) promotes culture as "the soul of democracy" by offering an innovative and evidence-based overview of culture, heritage and media developments in Europe. CultureWatchEurope adds value to the Organisation’s existing information tools, programmes and methods by linking them and by inviting civil society to contribute.

European Union / Union Européenne / Europäische Union

Cultural Governance: a literature review (2012)
EENC paper prepared by Vensa Copic and Andrej Srakar. The purposes of this review of relevant academic literature and research on cultural governance the term defined as ‘public governance of culture’ is composed of two sub-areas: (1) the new approaches to the formulation and implementation of sectoral cultural policy that are inspired by the interaction between the state, the civil society and the market and (2) the improvements in the steering and supervision of cultural organisations that lead to efficiently-, expertly-, independently- and transparently-operating cultural organisations.

Initiatives in Member States / Initiatives dans les états membres / Initiativen in Mitgliedstaaten

A bridge between government and citizens
Recent street marches, new protest movements or online campaigns in different countries (e.g. Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Poland, Spain, UK) can be seen as an indicator for growing discontent with established procedures of representative democracy. Consequently, the Flemish minister for culture, media, youth and Brussels affairs, Sven Gatz, has introduced a new instrument that is to improve the direct dialogue with citizens: the “Citizens’ Cabinet”. In an article published on the policy-network.net platform in July 2015, he explains:
“As well as contributing to the legitimacy of policy-making, I hope the citizens’ cabinet will receive creative ideas that bring about different perspectives in the culture sector and encourage other policymakers to try and launch similar initiatives in order for deliberative models to enrich our representative democracy.”

Research /  Recherches / Forschung

Gouvernance mondiale et culture: de l'exception à la diversité [Global Governance and Culture - from exception to diversity]
L'ouvrage de Antonios Vlassis (Center for International Relations Studies CEFIR de l’Université de Liège) porte sur le processus de la construction politique d’un cadre normatif comme celui de la Convention sur la diversité des expressions culturelles de l'UNESCO et il s’interroge sur les facteurs qui ont contribué au passage de l’exception culturelle à la diversité culturelle. Comment interpréter la nature, le degré et les implications de cette évolution ? De qui émane le cadre normatif, la nécessité de la mise en place d’un instrument international majeur dans la gouvernance mondiale de la culture, pour quelles raisons, sous quelles conditions et comment?
Presses Universitaires de Liège, 2015, ISBN : 978-2-87562-054-5

Cultural Diversity, Democracy and Good Governance
Article prepared by Vitaly Naumkin in the aftermath of the 5th Global Forum of the Alliance of Civilisations held in Vienna on February 2013.

Multi-stakeholder Processes for Governance and Sustainability: Beyond Deadlock and Conflict
Governments, business, international bodies and local groups are turning to multi-stakeholder processes to find practical ways forward. This book of Minu Hemmati explains how MSPs can be organized to deliver their potential for successful resolution of complex issues and for sustainable development. It includes detailed examples and provides practical checklists, explaining how to get beyond adversarial politics and achieve positive results. Taylor & Francis, 2012

Cultural Governance as a conceptual framework 

This paper of T. Schmitt introduces a specific notion of cultural governance, as a research concept for the humanities and social sciences. It discusses the term "culture" and the concept of governance, preceded by general remarks regarding social science-oriented research on culture.
Göttingen: Max-Planck-Institut zur Erforschung multireligiöser und multiethnischer Gesellschaften [Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity], MMG Working Paper, 11-02, 56 p.

Emma Blomkamp: The political context of cultural indicators: evidence and values in democratic governance (2011)

Tobias J. Knoblich, Oliver Scheytt: Zur Begründung von Cultural Governance
Bonn: Bundeszentrale für Politische Bildung, 2009.