COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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C. Articles of the 2005 UNESCO Convention and Corresponding "Compendium" ("WorldCP") Grid Categories

Assisting Governments and NGO's in Monitoring the Implementation of the Convention (II)

Provisions of Relevant UNESCO Convention Articles

Main Policy Domain

Corresponding Chapter(s) in "Compendium" Country Profiles

Examples of Information / Data to be Collected and Monitored over Time
(NOTE: Frequently, summaries of related information and indicators are provided in the Compendium's comparative overviews and statistical tables!)

Art. 6.2 (a)
Regulatory measures aimed at protecting and promoting a diversity of cultural expressions

+ Art. 7 (a)
è¦paying due attention to the special circumstances and needs of women as well as è¦minorities and indigenous peoples

Social Groups[1]

(incl. Minorities; Indigenous People;
Women)

2.1/2.3
4.2.4
4.2.8
4.2.10
5.2
8.2.2
8.4.1/2

  • Data on officially recognised minority groups / indigenous peoples
  • Main cultural policy approach toward minorities (incl. migrants, indigenous people), e.g. integration / multiculturalism / mainstreaming or community models.
  • Specific laws, programmes and measures to support diverse forms of expression, cultural activities or artistic practices of minority groups + related debates
  • Measures and debates concerning gender equality in the arts, media and heritage

Art. 6.2 (b)
Measures to provide opportunities for domestic cultural activities, goods and services è¦..including provisions relating to the language used for such activities, goods and services

Language(s)

2.2/3
4.2.5/6
5.1.9
5.2
(5.3.7)

  • Data on official languages and minority languages in use
  • Main cultural policy approach to promote/protect official and minority languages
  • Specific laws and measures to support the dissemination of culture and media activities, goods and services in different languages.
  • Public debates on linguistic diversity and forums which stimulate dialogue

Art. 6.2 (c)
Measures to provide domestic independent cultural industries and activities in the informal sector effective access to means of production

+ Art. 10 (c)
... to encourage creativity and strengthen production capacities by setting up educational, training and exchange programmesè¦..

Culture
Industries

4.2.3+6
5.2
5.3.5-7
(7.1) 7.3
8.3.3/4

  • Data on the number and type of companies and their turnover + employment figures and other available statistics
  • Main legal framework and / or sector specific laws supporting domestic culture industries development and distribution of locally produced content
  • Public training and education programmes to strengthen production capacities
  • Cases of public, private or third sector partnerships, incl. with public arts institutions
  • New "creative industries" strategies

Art. 6.2 (d)
Measures aimed at providing public financial assistance

Public Funding

4.2.5
5.1.3+5
6.1-6.3

  • Data on the allocation of public funding for relevant institutions or projects
  • Government priorities for the allocation of public funds for specific initiatives to protect and promote a diversity of cultural expressions

Art. 6.2 (e) + Art. 7 and 11
Encouragement of non-profit organisations / public and private institutions / artists and other cultural professionalsè¦.

Marketplace Access and Participation of Diverse Actors

5.1.1
7.3
8.1
8.4

  • Constitutional provisions for freedom of expression, creation and communication
  • National or local strategies to encourage participation of, and build partnerships between, non-profit organisations, artists, public and private institutions, community associations, etc.

Art. 6.2 (f)
Measures aimed at establishing and supporting public institutions

(Public) Cultural Infrastructure

(3.2)
5.1.5
5.3.1-5.3.4
6.2.3
7.1-7.3

  • Legislative provisions and financial resources to establish public cultural institutions
  • Changes/Reforms of the legal status of public cultural institutions (e.g. granting autonomy, establishing foundations, enabling sponsorship and tax breaks, etc.)
  • Identification of new actors taking responsibility for activities of public cultural institutions as a result of e.g., new public management strategies

Art. 6.2 (g)
Measures aimed at nurturing and supporting artists

+ Art. 7.2
...recognising the important contribution of artistsè¦in nurturing the diversity of cultural expressions

Artistic
Creativity

(3.2)
5.1.4-5.1.7
5.2
8.1.1-8.1.4

  • Special laws which support the socio-economic status of artists as both employed and self-employed persons, e.g. labour, tax, social security legislation, copyright compensation schemes
  • System of grants, funds and awards to directly support artists including, education, training, mobility, entrepreneurship, recognition

Art. 6.2 (h)
Measures aimed at enhancing diversity of the media including through public service broadcasting

(Audiovisual) Media

4.2.6
5.3.7

  • Data on the organisation and ownership structure of the media sector (public, commercial and not for profit media channels)
  • Laws regulating public and private media respectively on e.g. licensing conditions, local content, cultural obligations, language use, ownership, foreign programming quotas

Art. 7 (b)
Measures to promote è¦. access to diverse cultural expressions from within their territory as well as from other countries of the world.

+ Art. 12 and 14
è¦strengthen bilateral, regional and international cooperation for the creation of conditions to promote the diversity of cultural expressions;
è¦support cooperation for sustainable developm.

International Cultural Cooperation
(incl. for Development)

(2.3)
3.4
4.2.7
8.1.3

  • Data on the mobility patterns of artists / culture and media professionals and on the share of local and foreign cultural goods and services in domestic markets
  • Laws promoting/hindering the mobility of persons as well as a diversity of goods and services
  • Priorities and implementing tools outlined in bilateral, regional, international strategies to promote diversity of cultural expressions
  • Strategies, priorities and programmes of "culture for development"

Art. 8
Measures to protect and preserve cultural expressionsè¦ in need of urgent safeguarding

Protection / Preservation (e.g. Media, Heritage)

2.2/3
4.2.2+6+11
5.3.3 + 6/7

  • Specific laws, programmes and measures to support expressions at risk
  • Obligations of (public) broadcasters and publishers
  • Strategies addressing endangered (tangible and intangible) heritage

Art. 9
Share and exchange information

Information Sharing

3.4.5
9.1/2

  • Observatories, portals and/or contact points
  • Practices of inter-organisational and international cooperation

Art. 10
Education and public awareness programmes

Diversity Education

8.3.3

  • Composition/Reviews of school curricula
  • Collections/Case studies of good practices and achievements

Source: Council of Europe/ERICarts, Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe, 2012

[1] Note: Article 2 of the Convention defines cultural expressions as "those expressions that result from the creativity of individuals, groups and societies, and that have cultural content".   Article 7 (a) further defines individuals and groups with particular attention placed on women, persons belonging to minorities and indigenous peoples. Article 7 (b) refers to artists, creators, cultural communities and their organisations. Consequently, "minority groups" are used only as an example in this part of the table: In the broad sense of cultural policy making, "groups" could also refer to audiences or the society as a whole.