COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Monitoring the CoE European Convention for the Protection of the Audiovisual Heritage (AVHC) and Related Policies in Europe


NOTE: More details and examples are available in some of the Compendium country profiles, e.g. as regards digitisation (Chapter 4.2.11), legislation (Chapter 5.3.6), access to / promotion of the audiovisual heritage (Chapter 8.2.2) or cinema education (Chapter 8.3.1).
See also the Convention text on the CoE webiste.

See also Reports of EU-Member States with further information, e.g. on digital restoration or training and http://www.european-heritage.net/ for details of general heritage legislation and policies.  LEGEND: Y = Yes; N = No; N/A = Information is currently not available

Country

Year of AVHC Adoption / Entry into force

AV-Heritage Policy Focus*:
Access to the public (A); Collection / Preservation (C); Directory (D,
D-O = Online catalogue); Edu-cation / Training (E); Restoration (R, R-D = digital R.); Other (O)

Frequent Public Screening
of works of the AV-Heritage

Deposit Regulation**

Name of main
Deposit or Collecting Institution(s)

Access to the collection for:
Consultation (C);
Education (E);
Re-use (R)***;
Other (O)

Other Information / Comments

Type: Law (L); Other (O)

Obligatory?
(Y/N); Only funded works (F)

Compre-hensive? (Y/N)

Film

Other AV works

Austria

2002

A, C, R-D (D-O planned)

Y

O

Y (F)

N

N

Austrian Film Archive and Austrian Film Museum

C, E, R (DVD)

Austrian Digital Heritage Initiative supports digitalisation of the Österreichische Mediathek (http://www.digital-heritage.at/)

Bosnia & Hercegovina

2010

N/A

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

2010: SEEDI Conference: Digitizat. of cult. & scient. heritage, Sarajevo

Bulgaria

2001

C, D (not yet online for financial reasons)

N/A

L

Y

Y

N

Bulgarian National Film Archive

C, E, O (non-commercial)

 

Croatia

2007 / 2008

C, E, D, R

N

O

Y (F)

Y

Y

Croatian Film Archive

C, E(e.g.Croatian Film Clubs Association)

Law on AV Activities (2007); Law on Archive Material and Archives (1999/2009);

France

2002 / 2010

A, C, D-O, E, R-D

 

L

Y

Y

Y

Centre national du cinéma et de l'image animée

C, E

E-programmes (Ecole et Cinéma);  Plans to host Internet works online

Georgia

2010 / 2011

C, D

N/A

L

N/A

 

 

National Archives of Georgia (Archive of AV Documents)

C

Law on the National Archival Fund and the National Archives (2007)

Germany

2008

A, C, D-O, R-D

Y

L

Y (F)
N (other)

N

N

Federal Archives (Bundesarchiv) and different Länder archive bodies

C, E, R (DVD, audio-CDs and TV)

Most screenings take place in public TV and arthouse cinemas (Programmkinos = 10% of all theatres / ca. 7.5% of all visitors) 

Greece

2001

A, C, D-O

Y

O

Y (F)
N (other)

N

N

Greek Film Centre and Greek Film Archive

E, R (e.g. DVD, festivals)

Distribution/screening of quality films in countrywide network of municipal cinemas supported by the Domain of Culture programme

Hungary

2003 / 2008

A, C, D-O, E, R-D

N/A

L

Y

Y

N

Hung. National Film Archive; National Audiovisual Archive

C, E

A new Film Law is in preparation for 2011

Iceland

2001

C

N/A

O

N

N

N

Archive of the National Broadcasting Service

N/A

10 collections of AV material exist, but lack official (legal) recognition

Lithuania

2002 / 2008

C, R-D, (D-O planned)

N/A

O

Y (F)

Y

Y

Lithuanian Central State Archives

C (limited)

Deposit only mandatory for works considered part of the national audio-visual heritage

Monaco

2003 / 2008

A, E

Y

L

Y

Y

Y

Monaco National Film Archives

C

Media Library combines book, sound and video libraries and Audiovisual Archives

Portugal

2001

C, D (D-O planned), E

Y

O

Y (F)
N (other)

N

N

Cinemateca Portuguesa / Museu do Cinema

C (limited), E,
R (festivals, more is planned)

Cinemateca Júnior project (2007) run by Ministry of Education and Portuguese Film Archive/Museum

Romania

2002

A, C, D-O, E, (R-D)

Y

L

Y

Y

Y

National Centre of Cinema / National Film Archive

C, E, R

Romanian Cinematheque

Slovakia

2003 / 2008

A, C, D (D-O test version / project proposal), E, R, R-D

Y

L

Y

Y

Y

Slovak Film Institute
RTVS Slovak Radio and Television (sound recordings)

C, E, R (DVD),
O (sales)

Project of Systematic Renewal of the Audiovisual Heritage of the Slovak Republic (2006-20); Obligatory deposit for documents related to AV works (e.g. scripts, stills, posters, prints etc.)

Turkey

2004

A, C

Y

O

N/A

 

 

Turkish Radio and TV Service (115,000 hrs AV collection)

N/A

TRT archives with news and programs available to the general public on a fee basis.

Ukraine

2006

N/A

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

Law on Cinematography amended (2010)

Source: Council of Europe/ERICarts, Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe, 12th edition, 2011 (based on country-profiles and complementary research of the authors). Additional information: Council of Europe Treaty Series (CETS), Dec. 2010; EU Commission Staff Working Document on the challenges for European film heritage from the analogue and the digital era, June 2010; National websitesand  legal documents consulted Dec. 2010

*     In all of the countries subscribing to the Convention, the national Ministry in charge of culture and the heritage has also the competence for the audiovisual heritage.
**   In many cases, only films/AV productions receiving public funding need to be deposited which may affect the comprehensiveness of the collection. In some countries (e.g. Germany) also major foreign works are collected.
*** Re-use, e.g. in new productions, is usually subject to special conditions (e.g. copyright clearance, fees)