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Monaco/ 1. Historical perspective: cultural policies and instruments  

Author: Fran├žoise Gamerdinger

The Princes of Monaco have supported the arts since the 18th century, thus giving the Principality a greater cultural influence in comparison to its small territory.

A symbol of this success is the Monte Carlo Opera, built in 1879 by Charles Garnier, the architect of the Paris Opera. This prestigious opera house very soon achieved great international renown due to a policy of operatic, symphonic and choreographic creations, and it hosted famous performances of Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes. This was an outstanding period Palace in Monacoof cultural activity when a large number of the great 20th century artists, composers, painters and choreographers converged on the Principality, among them Stavisky, Ravel, Braque, Cocteau, De Chirico, Fokine, Balanchine and others.

True to this tradition, Prince Rainier III and Princess Grace gave new life to Monégasque culture, notably with the re-creation of the Ballet in 1985.

Since 1997, the government has made a strong commitment to the arts, allocating around 5% of the annual budget to culture and by issuing a cultural plan each year.

The state focuses on developing a cultural programme of high quality, with an emphasis on music, an ambitious plan for special facilities and a heritage conservation project. Created in 1966, the Directorate of Cultural Affairs continues its remit of proposing measures designed to enhance the intellectual and artistic life of the State. 

The Principality reinforces its status as a cultural dominion by actively participating in many international cultural organisations such as UNESCO, the International Organisation of la Francophonie and the Council of Europe.

Chapter published: 01-10-2014

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