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Moldova/ 8.4 Amateur arts, cultural associations and civil initiatives  

8.4.1 Amateur arts and folk culture

Selected cultural institutions are responsible for implementing state cultural policies in the field of popular (mostly amateur) arts. The National Centre for Preservation and Promotion of Intangible Cultural Patrimony, subordinated to the Ministry of Culture, has the function to ensure application of protection policies in the regions. The Centre supports the viability of intangible cultural heritage and its transmission to the younger generation through concrete measures, by registering its elements, and preserving information on various modern media.

The Centre's specialist staff, assisted by regional experts, are involved in the implementation of a number of cultural projects: "Artistic Handicrafts Revival", "Inventory of Folk Dances", Parade of summer folk costumes, National Festival of Ie, XXVII-th edition of the Festival-Fair of Potters "Iurceni-2014", "Women - preserving and continuing traditions", "Traditional Moldovan Band", National Festival- Contest of the folk songs performers "Maria Dragan", etc.).

In the Republic of Moldova over 2 900 people work as crafts and therer are 47 craft centres that promote pottery, wood and stone processing, weaving, embroidery, knitting, weaving with natural fibres, etc.

The outstanding event of 2013 is considered to be the enrolment of the traditional winter habit "Male groups singing carols" into the Representative List of Human Intangible Cultural Heritage – the first element of the cultural heritage of the Republic of Moldova being accepted to the UNESCO World Heritage List.

On 10 August 2013, the II-nd edition of the National Festival of Ie (women’s folk blouse) was held in Moldova, which was attended by 25 craftspeople from the country who manufacture traditional folk costumes. In the frames of the Costumes Parade on the National Holiday "Independence Day of the Republic of Moldova", 37 amateur artists participated from all districts of the country.

In addition, the National Centre for Preservation and Promotion of Intangible Cultural Patrimony carries out a bi-annual assessment of "model" artistic groups. This is a large-scale initiative co-ordinated and funded by the Ministry of Culture, together with District Culture Offices, District Centres responsible for the conservation and enhancement of folk art, and municipalities. It is a means of monitoring the situation in the fields of amateur arts (music, dance, traditional clothing manufacturing, and theatre), identifying the difficulties to be tackled, and supporting and promoting quality artistic groups.

In the Republic of Moldova, there are 3 972 amateur arts formations, including 798 "model" formations, among which there are 234 folk bands, 87 theatres, 69 folk music orchestras, 61 popular dance ensembles, etc. Although they have no special legal status, they are protected by legislation referring to the development of socio-cultural activity such as the Law on Education, Law on Children Rights, Law on Public Associations, etc.  Most of these amateur groups are managed by Cultural Houses.

Chapter published: 11-03-2015

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