COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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The Law on Artists and Artists' Unions, July 2014, aims to create legal safeguards for ensuring social rights of artists in the field of literature, art and journalism, and to regulate the founding and activities of the artists' unions.

 

The government has increased salaries in the cultural, sports and youth activities sector by 17.6% in 2014 as current rates are below minimum subsistence basket rates.

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Moldova/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

According to the latest data of the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), in 2011 there were 7 746 employed (besides craftsworkers, artistic formations of amateurs and freelancers) in the cultural sector (budgetary institutions). The share of employment in the cultural sector in 2012 was 2.6% of total employed persons. In the Republic of Moldova there is no statistical data on self-employed persons, while the notion of self-employed worker is missing in the classified list of occupations. According to the NBS, the gross nominal average earnings survey in 2014 in the economy, the salary of an employee in the cultural field is about 2 577 MDL, the smallest salary paid compared to other economic activities. For comparison, in 2013 the size of the subsistence minimum on average constituted 1 612.3 MDL per month per person; with the monthly cost of the minimum consumption basket was 1 710 MDL. The lowest salaries are for employees in the houses of culture - 900 MDL / month, librarians – 1 590 MDL / month and museum curators – 1 584 MDL / month. Thus salaries of employees in the state cultural institutions are placed below the minimum subsistence basket, which contributes to massive migration of professionals in the field and prevents the development of the sector.

The Government approved normative acts on establishing certain bonuses and supplements for employees from the branch "Culture, art, sports and youth activities", which will result in the increase of the average salary by 17.6%, and respectively from the branch "Insurance and social assistance" – with an increase of 23.8%. The cost of this measure for 2014 is about 24 million MDL.

In the Republic of Moldova there is no concept or institution responsible for developing capacities of specialists in the cultural field. This fact has a direct impact on the administration of culture at all levels. As for human resources, there is a need to reform and modernise the whole system of artistic education and to create conditions for continuous learning of managerial staff and employees in the culture sector, in order to develop a viable cultural field.

The Law on Artists and Artists' Unions No. 21 as of 03.01.2013 (No. 1263-VII, July 28, 2014) foresees repealling the norms on the taxation of artists and artists' unions. The purpose of this law is to create legal safeguards for ensuring social rights of artists in the field of literature, art and journalism, and as well to regulate legal relations arising from particularities of founding and activities of the artists' unions: Union of Artists, Architects' Union, Film-Makers’ Union, Composers’ and Musicologists’ Union, Designers’ Union, Union of Journalists, Craftsworkers Union, Musicians’ Union, Theatre Union, and the Writers’ Union in order to preserve and develop the traditions of literature, art and journalism.

A problem in the area of employment in the state institutions and agencies in the field of culture is the lack of transparency on employment procedures. For example, the law does not set a specific mode of employment of Directors of the agencies subordinated to the Ministry of Culture, museums, theatre and concert institutions, with or without competition, which creates the possibility of subjective interpretation of the law’s provisions. Often candidates are appointed directly by the Ministry of Culture without any public competition, without taking into consideration managerial competencies of the candidates, without presenting management projects, and without clearly defined contracts terms, etc.


Chapter published: 11-03-2015

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