COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Moldova/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.3 Cultural policy objectives

The National Strategy for the development of culture in the Republic of Moldova / Culture 2020 establishes four general objectives and directions for developing cultural policy of the Republic of Moldova:

  • preserving national cultural heritage;
  • assuring real and virtual circulation of cultural products;
  • increasing the economy of the cultural sector and creative industries; and
  • enhancing the contribution of culture in developing social cohesion.

A plan of action for implementation of the National Strategy for the development of culture in the Republic of Moldova / Culture 2020 was developed to attain the established objectives, which foresee concrete actions, undertaken by the Ministry of Culture for the Strategy implementation:

  • creation and facilitation of a favourable climate for artists and those employed in the cultural sector;
  • decentralisation of the cultural sector by diminishing costs of financing through intensification of competition in the cultural field;
  • improvement and development of the business climate in the cultural sector; and
  • preservation of the national cultural heritage in all its diversity.

The Strategy identifies the following key-themes for developing the cultural sector:

  • diversification of the services offered by the state and private cultural institutions;
  • protecting national cultural heritage; and
  • elaborating the framework for creative industries development.

These actions correspond to the National Strategy for Moldova Development 2020, which places the accent for changing the paradigm of the country development through attraction of local and foreign investments, development of research and innovation activities and of export industries.

Culture in the Republic of Moldova has not benefited from any significant attention and it has not been regarded as a development priority. The cultural sphere is not included among the objectives in the national strategic documents, such as Strategy for Economic Growth and Poverty (2004-2006), the National Strategy for development 2008-2011, "Re-launching Moldova", or "Moldova 2020".

The cultural sphere is mentioned in the Government Programmes (2005-2014), although it is not seen as a development priority:

  • Activity Programme of the Government of the Republic of Moldova for the period 2005-2009 "Country Modernisation –Welfare of the People";
  • Activity Programme of the Government of the Republic of Moldova for the period 2008-2009 "Progress and Integration";
  • Activity Programme of the Government of the Republic of Moldova: "European Integration: Liberty, Democracy, Welfare" for the period 2009-2013; and
  • Activity Programme of the Government of the Republic of Moldova: "European Integration: Liberty, Democracy, Welfare" for the period 2011-2014.

The National Programme of informatisation of the cultural sphere for the period 2012-2020 foresees the following:

  • creation of the infrastructure and informational cultural space necessary for providing electronic services in the cultural sphere;
  • implementation of electronic governing within the central office of the Ministry of Culture and in the subordinated institutions;
  • digitalisation of the cultural heritage at the rate of 75%;
  • assuring digitalisation of books in public libraries;
  • creation of online public cultural services; and
  • creation of web pages for the cultural institutions.

The "Long-term Strategy for Economic Development and Poverty Alleviation", launched by the government in September 2003, includes several provisions concerning cultural tourism as an important part of the national economy. Over the next 15 years, the state policy in the field of cultural tourism will focus on new issues.

The main directions are:

  • to adjust the frameworks and legal provisions concerning cultural tourism to European standards;
  • to improve staff education and training in tourism institutions and develop high-level tourism management programmes; and
  • to develop the cultural tourism sector as a part of national economic programmes.

Finances from the state and other sources need to be assured to build a comprehensive system of support in order to create conditions for the development and promotion of Moldovan culture during its current transition period.


Chapter published: 11-03-2015

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