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Moldova/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.2 National definition of culture

The Law on Culture (1999) defines the term as "all forms of thinking, feeling and action in the material and spiritual spheres of society and enhancement thereof".

In November 2012, the Government of the Republic of Moldova approved the draft of the new version of the Law on Culture, which is structured in ten chapters and thirty-seven articles and which will replace the Law on Culture from 1999. Currently the draft of the Law on Culture is awaiting approval from the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova. The new Law aims to influence the development of contemporary art, to support artistic infrastructure and education, and to improve access and encourage high citizen participation in the cultural-artistic processes. Among the basic principles of the state policy in the cultural sector, the new Law recognises the fundamental role of culture and of cultural heritage for society and the outstanding importance of culture for social cohesion and development. The draft Law also recognises culture as a strategic resource in sustainable development of the country and society, and as an obligatory component among the policy documents aimed at sustainable development.

The National Programme on the "Development and Protection of Culture and the Arts" defines culture as an "ethical framework of the democratic state based on law" and as a "system of values that form the national identity".

Chapter published: 11-03-2015

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