2.2 National definition of culture
Culture is not specifically defined in the National Cultural Policy and the document clearly acknowledges the difficulty and restrictions in defining culture. However, the principles guiding the policy indicate an open and evolving definition that is driven by the concept of culture as a network which bridges differences and which brings people and communities together, while providing opportunities for self-fulfilment through employment and economic activity.
In the Declaration of Principles of the Maltese Constitution, Section 8 says: "The state shall promote the development of culture and scientific and technical research." Malta subscribes to the notions of culture adopted by international bodies such as UNESCO and the Council of Europe.
The Cultural Heritage Act provides an "interpretation" of cultural heritage:
"Cultural Heritage" means movable or immovable objects of artistic, architectural, historical, archaeological, ethnographic, palaeontological and geological importance and includes information or data relative to cultural heritage pertaining to Malta or to any other country. This includes archaeological, paleontological or geological sites and deposits, landscapes, groups of buildings, as well as scientific collections, collections of art objects, manuscripts, books, published material, archives, audio-visual material and reproductions of any of the preceding, or collections of historical value, as well as intangible cultural assets comprising arts, traditions, customs and skills employed in the performing arts, in applied arts and in crafts and other intangible assets which have a historical, artistic or ethnographic value.