COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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FYR of Macedonia/ 5.2 Legislation on culture  

The main law in the field of culture is the Law on Culture (1998) which was meant to be a unified law for the cultural field. When it was passed in 1998, partial co-ordination was achieved between the existing constitutional system and the new social, political and economic conditions in the country. It also guaranteed the freedom of creative work and related rights; made possible the introduction of a civil concept of culture; an equal status for public and private entities that work in the field of culture; introduction of a decentralised system for culture; financing activities in the "national interest" through an open competition, etc.

On the other hand, it is important to note that past experiences with the Law on Culture revealed many weaknesses and pointed the necessity for amendments. It became clear that a re-evaluation of the Law on Culture was necessary. Subsequently, the Law on Culture was amended several times (the last in 2013) to include: provisions for the re-allocation of competencies for culture (from the parliament to the government and from the government to the Minister of Culture); clarification of the position of local governments in financing cultural activities of local interest; simplification of the mechanisms for decentralisation; setting up procedures for annual competitions, etc.

Since proclaiming independence in 1990, a number of new laws were passed in the field of culture including:



Title of the act

Year of adoption

Law on Compulsory Deposits to the National Library

1994

Law on Copyright and Related Rights

1997/2010/2013

Law on the Use of the Macedonian Language

1998

Law on Culture

1998, amended 2003/2005/ 2007/2010/2011/2013

Law for Protection of Cultural Heritage

2004

Law on Museums

2004

amended 208, 2010, 2011

Law on Libraries

2004

Law on Monuments and Commemorative Sites

2004

Media Law

2005

Law on the Film Fund

2006

amended 2008, 2011, 2012

Law on Sponsorship and Donations

2007

Law on Audiovisual Goods

2008

amended 2011

Law on the Protection of the  Skopje Old Bazaar as significant cultural monument

2008

amended 2010

Law on Copyright and Related Rights

2010

Law on Governing of the World Natural and Cultural Heritage in the Ohrid Region

2010

Law on the National Artist of the Republic of Macedonia

2011

Law on the Protection of Krusevo as significant cultural heritage

 

2012

Law on the Support of Domestic Music Production

2013

Law on Film

2013

amended 2014

The Media Law

2013

The Law for Audio and Audiovisual Media Services

2013

The draft of a new Law on the Public Interest in Culture (February 2013) was announced, but it has not yet entered the regular procedure. A draft Law on Publishing has also been announced for 2014.


Chapter published: 06-10-2015

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