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FYR of Macedonia/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

In 2018, there are 2 712 people (2 189 in 2008) who are actively employed in cultural institutions financed by the Ministry of Culture. The Ministry of Culture itself has 225 employees (98 in 2008).

Due to the long period (since the 1993 Government's Decision) of employment restrictions in the public sector (including the cultural sector), most of the cultural institutions were left without new, younger educated experts. Some examples show that for nearly twenty years there has been no new employment in some institutions (institutes for protection of cultural heritage, conservation centres, theatres etc.). In the period 2014-2017 this policy of employment restrictions has changed and the Ministry of Culture has allowed the employment of a lot of younger people (especially actors). According to the data provided by the Ministry of Culture, in that period over 630 people were employed in the cultural sector.

However, it has often been stated that most of the employment in the cultural sector in the past years was not on a professional / expert basis, but for members of the ruling political parties.

There are no (exact or approximate) figures about the number of employees in the private sector.

In May 2018, the average net salary per employee (per month) was 24 509 MKD (401 EUR). The average salary for those working in public cultural institutions is around 20 861 MKD (341 EUR). For highly educated staff, salaries are approximately 50% higher and are more or less comparable with professionals in other institutions financed by the state.

Chapter published: 06-02-2019

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