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FYR of Macedonia/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

In 2013, there were 2 387 employees (2 189 in 2008) who were actively employed in cultural institutions financed by the Ministry of Culture. The Ministry of Culture itself has 190 employees (98 in 2008).

Due to the long period (since 1993 Government's Decision) of employment restrictions in the public sector (including the cultural sector), most of the cultural institutions were left without new, younger educated experts. Some examples show that for nearly twenty years there has been no new employment in some institutions (institutes for protection of cultural heritage, conservation centres, theatres etc.). In the past two years, this policy of employment restrictions has changed and the Ministry of Culture has allowed the employment of a lot of younger people (especially actors). According to the data provided by the Ministry of Culture, in the past several years (2011 - 2014) over 630 professionals were employed in the cultural sector.

In 2014 the Ministry of Culture also announced public call for 10 young (administrative) volunteers in the Ministry, but without any obligation for further employment.

There are no (exact or approximate) figures about the number of employees in the private sector.

In June 2015, the average net salary per employee (per month) was 22 025 MKD, which equals 361 EUR (20 240 MKD or 326 EUR in 2012). The average salary for those working in public cultural institutions is around 17 911 MKD (288 EUR). For highly educated staff, salaries are approximately 50% higher and are more or less comparable with professionals in other institutions financed by the state.

Chapter published: 06-10-2015

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