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FYR of Macedonia/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.3 Cultural policy objectives

The Law on Culture (1998) specifies some cultural objectives as being of "national interest", e.g. establishing general conditions for achieving continuity in culture; creating conditions for outstanding cultural achievements and their protection; encouraging cultural diversity; protecting and developing the cultural identity of different communities; cultural development etc. The draft of the Law on Realisation of Culture (2010) specifies only that national interest in culture is "... the culture that is of common interest for the citizens of the Republic of Macedonia and its continuous realisation is a necessity..." It also specifies that the future National Strategy for the Development of Culture will establish the long-term objectives and priorities in this field.

On the other hand, according to the National Programme for Culture 2004-2008 (which was the first of its kind in Macedonia), the main cultural policy objectives were:

  • decentralisation;
  • development;
  • protection and (re)creation of the cultural heritage;
  • creativity, with special focus on young people;
  • creating favourable conditions for outstanding cultural achievements; and
  • cultural management.

This National Programme also formulated the following cultural policy priorities:

  • decentralisation;
  • balanced support to cultural heritage and contemporary culture;
  • cultural management;
  • promotion of the cultural identity of the communities;
  • cooperation with NGO's; and
  • international regional cooperation.

In January 2013, a new National Strategy for Development of Culture 2013-2017 was adopted by the Parliament. The Minister of Culture declared that it was not a declarative but an operational strategic document which detects the weak points in the present cultural policy and establishes feasible solutions for the development of culture and its sustainability. This document should have practical use and should formulate the necessary institutional frame, the administrative tools and measures and priority goals in the field of culture.

The National Strategy has several important chapters, such as:

  • general strategic principles, goals and priorities;
  • special strategic goals and priorities in cultural fields;
  • administrative, legal, personnel, financial, infrastructural, organisational and other means and tools for realisation of the National Strategy; and
  • an action plan.

This document also formulates the national interest in culture, the basic principal of the cultural strategy, culture as development, new technologies and cultural industries, decentralisation and privatisation in culture etc. The document is followed by an Action plan for implementation of the Strategy, including necessary measures, expected effects and indicators, as well as terms and financial indicators.

During the draft procedure the Democratic Party of Albanians (DPA) made serious remarks on the Strategy saying that once again the Albanian culture was degraded. On the other hand, several amendments by the second Albanian party DUI (Democratic Union for Integration) were accepted (reformulation of "Macedonian culture" into "culture in the RM", some language issues etc.). The Macedonian opposition, which also had numerous remarks included in the draft phase, was not present because a month ago they were forced out of the Parliament building by the security forces.

Chapter published: 06-10-2015

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