2.1 Main features of the current cultural policy model
The general objectives of cultural policy are provided via the Constitution: civil rights and freedoms, creative autonomy, the obligation to support and develop culture, the right of the different ethnic or national groups to establish institutions for culture and art, the protection of the cultural and historical heritage, etc. The Law on Culture (1998) identifies some objectives as being of "national interest", such as establishing general conditions for the continuity of culture; creating favourable conditions for outstanding cultural achievements; encouraging cultural diversity; cultural development etc.
However, there is no global, recognisable concept behind the cultural policy system, nor does it follow any particular model. Any developments and changes in the cultural policy "system" were ad hoc and driven by political movement towards decentralisation, multiculturalism etc.
Since the introduction of budget financing in the cultural sphere in 1990, financial resources are being allocated to the institutions on a yearly basis for the following items: salaries and other allowances (i.e. per diems and travelling allowances for the permanently employed staff), allowances for annual programmes, investments, heating of buildings, insurance of equipment, buildings, exhibitions, etc.
However, changes took place in the following areas:
Over the past several years, the Ministry formulated some cultural policy priorities such as:
In December 2003, the government passed the Decision on the Network of National Institutions in the Field of Culture. It provided the framework within which the network of the cultural institutions (national and local) was to be organised and re-allocated responsibilities for culture to the municipalities.
In 2004 a National Programme for Culture 2004 - 2008 was adopted by the Parliament. According to this National Programme, the basic principles of the cultural policy are:
See also chapter 2.3 for objectives of the new programme.