COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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A Ministry of Culture survey (2014) on the quality of cultural services shows the most positive service quality changes were estimated in libraries and access to archives via the internet, film shows and visual arts.

 

The Eurobarometersurvey on Cultural access and participation (2013) revealed that only 49% of Lithuanians are interested in national culture and art whereas the average in Europe is 69%.

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Lithuania/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation  

8.2.1 Trends and figures

In the mid-1990s, attendance at theatres, cinemas, concerts, libraries, and museums went down significantly. By the end of the decade figures started to rise again as most of the institutions had managed to adapt to the free market and competition and their management and marketing techniques had improved.

A Ministry of Culture survey Public participation in culture and content of cultural services (2014) revealed the changes in quality of cultural services provided in municipalities. According to the survey, the positive evaluation of service quality was applied to all sectors of culture. The most positive service quality changes were estimated in libraries (59% of respondents) and access to archives via the internet (55%), film shows and visual arts.

The Eurobarometersurvey on Cultural access and participation (2013) shows that since 2007 there has been a general decline in participation in most cultural activities in EU countries. The research revealed that only 49% of Lithuanians are interested in national culture and art whereas the average in Europe is 69%. In comparison with EU index (62%), a big number (71%) of Lithuanians don't participate in any individual or group cultural activity. In a significantly better position are Latvia (58%) and Estonia (50%).

Attendance (visitors, spectators, readership) ratios depend on a variety of factors: quality of services, ticket prices, financial capacity of the population, their cultural interests, leisure time priorities, specifics of the event itself (theatre performance, concert, exhibition, etc.), and the image of the institution. Surveys which monitor the participation of national minority groups in multi-cultural festivals have not yet been developed.

Table 12:   Attendance rates for selected cultural institutions. 2007, 2011

Institutions

Number of institutions

Visitors, spectators, readers

Number of institutions

Visitors, spectators, readers

 

2007

2007

2011

2011

Cinemas

44

3 300 000

33

3 047 300

Drama theatres*

13

1 000 000

13

890 000

Non-public theatres

21

295 000

26

296 000

Concert organisations

6

146 000

8

140 000

Museums

106

3 100 000

105

2 655 000

Libraries**

1 395

752 000

1 327

716 000

Public archives

15

33 749

16

36 400

Source:     http://www.stat.gov.lt. Statistics Lithuania. Culture, Press and Sports. 2008; 2012.
*                 State-funded theatres only.
**              Libraries under the Ministry of Culture.

Cinema attendance during the last years was impacted by tickets prices, film advertising and management failures, the real income level of the population and the processes of emigration. In 2012, there were 32 cinemas operating in the country, with a total of 83 cinema halls and 1.250 showings per cinema hall on average.

Table 12:   Cinema attendance, 2011–2013

Year

Total admissions

Per capita

Population of Lithuania

2011

3 047 300

0.93

3 201 334

2012

3 020 332

1.009

3 007 758

2013

3 256 995

1.10

2 958 182

Source:     http://www.lkc.lt/statistika/.


Chapter published: 28-11-2014

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