7.1 Cultural infrastructure: tendencies & strategies
Since the government's culture programme of 1991, the state has been encouraging central government to harmonise the management of public cultural institutions. Cultural institutions were to be granted more autonomy, responsibilities were to be delegated to various levels of decision-making; opinions and proposals of art councils and other expert bodies were to be observed. During the last decades, the Ministry of Culture has been trying to steer financing in a new direction by favouring new programmes(e.g. support for regional culture, festivals, ethnic programmes, young artists' projects, etc.) and enhancing third sector participation.
Cultural financial and administrative responsibilities are divided between the state and the municipalities (60). The state takes care of all institutions established by the Ministry (see chapter 3.2). The state (Ministry of Culture) also bears the main responsibility for the construction or renovation of nationally significant institutions (e.g. National Museum – Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania (2009), Vytautas Kasiulis memorial museum etc.) and implements modernisation programmes of the culture centres and museums.
During the last years the infrastructure of national and state cultural institutions changed very little. The two recent national culture institutions - National Museum – Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania (2009) and the National Kaunas Drama Theatre (2012) – obtained the status of "national institutions" due to their historical, cultural, and heritage importance for the country. The network of cultural institutions under the Ministry of Culture remains more or less stable.
The cultural infrastructure in the municipalities is more changeable. The private cultural infrastructure most developed is in the book publishing and arts sectors. Private art galleries and antique shops dominate in the arts sector. Financing of the third sector (non-governmental institutions) has a variety of sources. State financial support for these institutions is decided on evaluation by experts of candidate projects or programmes submitted for competition.