COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Lithuania/ 6. Financing of culture  

6.1 Short overview

Since 2008, the decrease in cultural expenditure has been related to the world economic crisis and recession. The economic crisis influenced the budget decline of the Ministry of Culture and determined the rise in prices of cultural goods and services. Within the period 2010-2012, many of the Ministry's programmes were closed or had limited financial resources. The influences on the fluctuation of cultural expenditure are due to annual capital investments, establishing of new programmes, changes in the network of cultural institutions, the scheduling of new important cultural events, etc. For example, in 2009 around 27% of the Ministry's budget was allocated to two projects: "Vilnius – European Capital of Culture" and the rebuild of the Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania, where the National Museum was founded in 2009. The main share of the Ministry's budget is allocated for professional arts development and dissemination, national heritage, and renovation of cultural institutions. The state's Investment Programme is the main source for renovation of cultural institutions.

Table 6:     Fluctuation of the Ministry's budget, in LTL, 2011-2014

Year

Budget

2011

240 050 000

2012

266 992 000

2013

304 714 000

2014

366 294 000 (planned)

Source:     http://www3.lrs.lt; http://lrkm.lt

According to the Law on the State and Self-government's Budget for 2014 (adopted by the Seimas in December 2013), the total planned budget for the cultural sector and institutions in 2014 is listed in table 7:

Table 7:     Institutions and budget of the important culture sectors, in LTL, 2014

No.

Institutions

Budegt

1

Ministry of Culture

366 294 000

2

National cultural institutions (9)

123 171 000

3

State Commission for Lithuanian Language

2 755 000

4

National Radio and TV

50 684 000

5

State commission of Radio and TV

2 500 000

6

Council for Protection of Ethnic Culture

519 000

7

State Commission for Protection of Cultural Heritage

824 000

8

Press, Radio and TV Fund

8 938 000

9

Office of the Chief Archivist of Lithuania

25 033 000

 

TOTAL

580 718 000

Source: http://www3.lrs.lt

Since 2011 the budget of the Department of Cultural Heritage is included in the total budget of the Ministry of Culture. For preservation and protection of national cultural heritage, a budget of 36 851 000 LTL was planned for 2014. Heritage protection programmes are also financed by the support of the EEA countries (9 200 000 LTL in 2013).

Financing for arts education, maintenance of higher art schools and supplementary art training is provided by the Ministry of Education and Science. Until July 2010, county administrations received financing for cultural activities in the regions. Additional financing for regions and cultural development programmes of the regions is included in the budget of the Ministry of Culture, Culture Support Fund and the Press, Radio and Television (Media Support) Fund.

The lion's share of both the central government and local self-governments budgets goes to the maintenance of cultural institutions: libraries, cultural centres, theatres and museums. The share of the central government in financing these institutions (libraries, museums, theatres and concert organisations) is rather high.

Table 8:     Financing of national cultural institutions, in LTL, 2014

No.

Institutions

2014

1

National Library

23 893 000

2

National Museum

13 147 000

3

Lithuanian Art Museum

15 233 000

4

National M. K. Čiurlionis Art Museum

7 995 000

5

Opera and Ballet Theatre

27 510 000

6

National Drama Theatre

8 397 000

7

National Philharmonic Society

13 997 000

8

National Museum – Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania

7 045 000

9

National Kaunas Drama theatre*

5 954 000

 

Total

123 171 000

Source:     http://www.finmin.lt; http://www3.lrs.lt.
*               National Kaunas Drama Theatre's status of "national" obtained in October, 2012.

The % share of expenditure for the national culture institutions in comparison with the budget of the Ministry of Culture is rather high: 42.6% in 2012 and 33.63% in 2014. All national cultural institutions have a separate line in the National budget.


Chapitre publié: 28-11-2014

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