5.1.2 Division of jurisdiction
Liechtenstein sees culture as a state mandate and aims to express its national identity and national consciousness through its cultural policy. Cultural engagement pervades the entire population, from the societies and associations to the family. Representatives of private enterprise also support and cultivate art and culture.
Cultural promotion on the part of the state and the municipalities is clearly divided. The eleven Liechtenstein villages organise their own cultural life independently according to the 1996 Municipalities Act.
Since 2008, the new Cultural Promotion Act serves as the basis for the further development of cultural policy. As a result, the organisation and decision-making process have now been assigned to the Liechtenstein Cultural Foundation. The government as the supervisory body appoints the foundation board for terms of four years and approves performance agreements. The Cultural Foundation is in charge of state promotion of private cultural projects, artists and private institutions. It is also responsible for its own projects such as the English Building Art Space and the Frankfurt Book Fair.
A series of new acts guarantee, for example, copyright protection (1999), the return of illegally procured cultural assets (1999), promotion of media performance (2000, 2006), preservation of the cultural heritage with the Archives Act (1997, 1999), data protection with the Data Protection Act (2002) and transport of cultural property with the Cultural Property Immunity Act (2008). In the coming years, a revamping of the protection of cultural assets is planned.