7.3 Status and partnerships of public cultural institutions
The Law on Cultural Institutions has been in effect since 1998. It defines the type of Latvian cultural institutions (state, local government, private), their legal status, commercial activities, and funding sources.
In 2004/2005, there was ongoing major reform of the legal status of all state museums. In accordance with the Law on Public Agencies, museums were reorganised into state agencies to provide them with more financial and administrative independence.
In 2009, the government requested all Ministries to decrease the number of state agencies by 50%, with the aim of reducing administrative expenditure. The Ministry of Culture had the largest number of state agencies under its supervision (including museums) – 17. As a result of the reform, there will be only 10 state agencies in the cultural field in 2011. Several museums were consolidated; some state agencies previously operating at arm's length lost their autonomy (e.g. National Film Centre, The State Authority on Museums are to be transformed into budget institutions or incorporated into the structure of the Ministry). See also chapter 2.1.
In 2005, the legal status of the six state-founded theatres, Circus of Riga and three important state music institutions was changed in to State Ltd. Companies. See also chapter 4.2.1.
See also chapter 5.1.3 on the legal status changes to the State Culture Capital Foundation.
"Cultural Policy Guidelines 2006 – 2015" include many issues relating to PPP in the cultural sector.
Foundations and artistic associations established in the 1990s, have already initiated collaboration between organisations in certain professional art sectors, e.g. in visual arts, music, and theatre, resulting in combined funding sources from public, local government, and the private sector. In 2008, a private sponsor in collaboration with the Latvian National Museum of Art launched a prize in visual arts named after the famous Latvian painter Vilhelms PurvÄ«tis.
The management of cultural heritage sites often is carried out involving private owners (see chapter 4.2.8).
Private initiatives play an important role in the regeneration of Riga city. The creative industry's quarter at the Maskavas Street, Riga - SpÄ«Ä·eri warehouse complex is being developed in public-private partnership between private owners, Riga City Council, the Ministry of Culture and the Ministry of Education and Science, as well as different NGOs that are residing in these buildings.