2.2 National definition of culture
The Cultural Policy Guidelines (2006 – 2015) use the broad definition of culture that corresponds with the conclusions of the World Conference on Cultural Policies (Mexico 1982), the World Commission on Culture and Development Report (1995), and the Intergovernmental Conference on Cultural Policies for Development in Stockholm (1998). The definition is: "In its widest sense, culture may now be said to be the whole complex of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features that characterise a society or social group. It includes not only the arts and letters, but also modes of life, the fundamental rights of the human being, value systems, traditions and beliefs."
The new cultural policy document for the years 2014-2020 "Creative Latvia" supports the broad definition of culture, explaining that culture forms the basis of value, knowledge and know-how system of individuals and communities. It stresses that the development of the society and the state, as well as the quality of life depends on diversity and richness of culture, its accessibility and participation of creative individuals.
Despite the all-embracing definition, the Ministry of Culture mainly takes responsibility for the particular art fields, such as copyright, architecture, libraries, museums, music, fine art, folk art, theatre, literature and books, film arts, cultural education, and the protection of monuments and archives. In recent years, there is a tendency to look at culture in a broader context (development, economy etc.).
Chapter published: 08-10-2014