6.2.1 Aggregated indicators
Compared with the strong boost to overall public cultural expenditure in the past two decades – it doubled in the 1990s, after having more than doubled in the 1980s in nominal terms: see Rapporti sull' Economia della Cultura, op.cit. (even if data from different sources are not exactly comparable) – there has been a very substantial downturn in cultural funding in the 2000s.
According to Istat, the total amount of public cultural expenditure in 2011 (final expenditure, by all levels of government and all ministries and administrative units involved) – amounted to 6 561 million EUR. Compared with the 5 954 million spent in 2000, not considering inflation, the increase over the last twelve years was only +10%.
Expenditure per capita amounted to 108 EUR in 2011, with a very slight nominal growth compared with the 101 EUR of 2000, whereas the ratio on GDP (0.41% in 2011 versus 0.49% in 2000) as well as on public expenditure, an indicator of the government's willingness to pay for culture (0.8% in 2011 versus 1.1% in 2000), are both continuing to decline year after year (in 2010 they were 0.44 and 0.9% respectively).