COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Key Resources / Informations générales / Hintergrunddokumente

Intercultural Dialogue / Dialogue interculturel / Interkultureller Dialog

Council of Europe / Conseil de l'Europe / Europarat

T-Kit 4 - Intercultural learning (2nd edition) (2018)
This T-Kit was developed for the context of youth work and non-formal education with young people, both of which support the personal development, social integration and active citizenship of young people. Educators and youth workers have an important role in addressing intercultural learning in their work with young people. They can stimulate young people’s learning in their daily lives, so that they can question and extend their perception, develop competences to interact positively with people from different cultural backgrounds and embrace the values of diversity, equality and dignity. In today’s Europe, these values and skills are fundamental for young people and for society as a whole in order to continue building peace and mutual understanding.

Human rights in culturally diverse societies (new edition) (2017)
This updated publication contains the Committee of Ministers’ Guidelines to member States on the protection and promotion of human rights in culturally diverse societies, the Compilation of Council of Europe standards relating to the principles of freedom of thought, conscience and religion and links to other human rights, as well as the Proceedings of the High-level Seminar on human rights in culturally diverse societies (Strasbourg, 13-14 June 2016).

3rd edition of the Education Pack "all different - all equal" (12/2016)
Originally produced in 1995 as an educational resource for the European youth campaign against racism, antisemitism, xenophobia and intolerance, the Education Pack became a reference work for those involved in intercultural education and training with young people across Europe and beyond. Translated into many languages, it remains today one of the most successful publications of the Council of Europe. It is available in printed form and as PDF file at the CoE Online Bookshop.

Developing Intercultural Competence through Education (09/2014)
The Pestalozzi book series started with "Teacher education for change", explaining the underlying philosophy of the Pestalozzi Programme and its approach to education in general and teacher education in particular. The second - "Intercultural Competence for All" - looked at the various implications of promoting the development of intercultural competence as a main concern of mainstream education. This third volume takes a step further towards the full integration of intercultural competences as a key element within the education system. It aims at offering an educational rationale and conceptual framework for the development of intercultural competence, as well as a clear description of its constitutive elements to be developed in and through education.

The Intercultural City Step by Step (02/2013)
It falls primarily upon cities to design and implement policies that foster community cohesion and turn cultural diversity into a factor of development rather than a threat. This practical guide for applying the urban model of intercultural integration is designed for city leaders and practitioners wishing to learn from the "Intercultural Cities" pilot project run by the Council of Europe and the European Commission in developing an intercultural approach to diversity management. The guide recommends steps and measures to help develop an intercultural strategy and monitor its implementation.

Dimension of religions and non-religious convictions within intercultural education - Recommendation CM/Rec(2008)12 and explanatory memorandum (2009)
This policy recommendation defines the perspective from which religions and non-religious convictions are to be taken into account in a framework of intercultural education, while setting out a number of principles, objectives and teaching and learning methods. It was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 10 December 2008 as the final outcome of the project carried out by the Steering Committee for Education on the New Challenge of Intercultural Education: Religious Diversity and Dialogue in Europe (2002-2005).It can be used as a reference by policy makers, curricula designers, trainers and teachers in their everyday work to develop competences for intercultural dialogue and to remove obstacles that prevent appropriate treatment of the diversity of religions and non-religious convictions in school settings.

Intercultural Cities
A joint action of the Council of Europe and the European Commission, the Intercultural Cities programme aims to  help participating communities adopt a comprehensive, strategic approach to managing diversity by designing intercultural strategies and developing initiatives. Participating cities in the first round were: Berlin Neukölln (Germany); Craiova (Romania); Izhevsk (Russian Federation); Lublin (Poland); Lyon (France); Melitopol (Ukraine); Neuchà¢tel (Switzerland); Reggio Emilia (Italy); Subotica (Serbia); Greenwich (UK); Patras (Greece); Stavropol (Russian Federation). In the meantime, the programme is constantly growing stronger and the Intercultural Cities Index on this Website provides data of many more cities!

Attacks in Norway: A call to action! (08/2011)
Compendium editor Andreas Wiesand sent a letter of condolence to Thorbjörn Jagland, Secretary General of the Council of Europe, calling for increased efforts to strengthen cohesive diversity and intercultural dialogue in European societies.

Intercultural Dialogue in the Framework of European Human Rights Protection (White Paper Series - Volume 1) (04/2010)  
This report analyses the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights in terms of the promotion of cultural diversity, as championed by the Council of Europe particularly through its "White Paper on Intercultural Dialogue" (2008). The Court's views on the governance principles and preconditions of intercultural dialogue - and particularly the case law on freedom of thought, conscience and religion, freedom of expression and freedom of association and assembly - provide guidelines for politicians, academics and practitioners alike.

White Paper on Intercultural Dialogue (2008)
Webspace which houses all relevant information on the  strategy, methodology  and conceptual basis for the Council of Europe's White Paper published in May 2008. You can download the White Paper from this site.

Livre blanc sur le dialogue interculturel (2008)
Le Livre blanc prévoit diverses orientations pour la promotion du dialogue interculturel, du respect et de la compréhension mutuels, basées sur les valeurs fondamentales de l’Organisation.

Intercultural Dialogue - Cases of Good Practice (2005)
Collection of good practices assembled by the Council of Europe's Project Group on Intercultural Dialogue and Conflict Prevention in 2005.

Faro Declaration on the Council of Europe's Strategy for Developing Intercultural Dialogue  (2005)
Adopted by the European Ministers responsible for Cultural Affairs following the closing conference of the 50th Anniversary of the European Cultural Convention "Intercultural Dialogue: The Way Ahead" in Faro, Portugal, 28 October 2005.

Opatija Declaration on Intercultural Dialogue and Conflict Prevention (2003)
Adopted by the European Ministers Responsible For Cultural Affairs, Opatija (Croatia), 22 October 2003.

 European Cultural Convention  (1954)
Council of Europe Convention adopted in Paris 19 November 1954. It has been signed by 48 countries.

European Union / Union Européenne / Europäische Union

2008 European Year of Intercultural Dialogue - Final Evaluation (07/2010)
Provides an assessment of activities undertaken during EU's Year of Intercultural Dialogue and highlights projects undertaken throughout Europe.

European Agenda for Culture in a Globalising World(05/2007)
Commission's strategy for culture was published in May 2007 which  identifies intercultural dialogue among its main priorites; the others being cultural diversity, creativity and innovation and culture as a key element of the EU's external relations activities.

Catalogues of Good Practice Projects supported by European Commission Programmes
29 Ways to Promote Inter-cultural Understanding: Examples of Best Practice from around Europe

Intercultural Dialogue: Best Practices at the Community Level
Selection of key projects supported by the European Commission Culture 2000 programme.

European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA)
Provides comparative information and data on racism, xenophobia, islamophobia and anti-Semitism in the EU member states as well as national measures and action taken to fight against racism and xenophobia.  Its magazine "Equal Voices" can be downloaded from this site.

Anna Lindh Euro-Mediterranean Foundation for Dialogue between Cultures
Provides background information on the Foundation, its activities, network of networks, publications and journalist prize. Applications or calls for proposals are available as is a newsletter.

Research, Debates, Good Practices / Recherches, débats, bonnes pratiques / Forschung, Debatten, Vorbilder

Dragan Klaic: Inclusion and Participation Can Lead to 'Cultural Security' (2004/2006 - 11/2015)
"Cultural debates – if not cultural policies – are affected and coloured by raised fears of asylum seekers, radical Islam and terrorist attacks. Against such a background, it would perhaps make more sense to look at the culture budgets not in terms of their economic impact – as has been the case for the last 10-15 years, under the influence of the neo-liberal thinking – but rather as a security issue. An argument could be made that discrimination, exclusion and marginalization in a political, ideological and socio-economic sense nourish a dangerous cultural insecurity; and that cultural policies aimed at inclusion and active participation of marginalized social groups in culture nurture their sense of cultural security, a sense of belonging, and strengthen the social cohesion. This security prism has consequences on developing cultural policies at home and in the EU at large but also in developing a cultural dimension of an emerging EU foreign and security policy, esp. in the direction of immediate neighbours in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Southern Mediterranean."
A reminder sent by Carla Bodo on the occasion of terrorist attacks in Paris, November 2015. See more in the proceedings of an ECoC conference jointly organised by the University of Genoa and Associazione per l'Economia della Cultura in Genoa, November 2004: S. Bodo,  M. R. Cifarelli  (eds): When culture makes the difference. The heritage, arts and media in multicultural society. Rome: Meltemi, 2006.

Conference "Human Rights and Intercultural Dialogue in Development" (12/2012)
On the occasion of the Human Rights Day (10th December), the Association of Local Democracy Agencies (ALDA) organised this International Conference in Paris. The Conference was attended by 60 participants representing Local Authorities and CSOs coming from the enlarged Europe. The conference has been organized within the framework of the multi-annual WTD – Working Together for Development programme, which aims at exploring the opportunities Local Authorities and Civil Society Organizations have in working together to promote more sustainable global development achievements. The discussion focused on the linkages between Human Rights and global development and included speakers like Catherine Lalumière, President of the French Federation of the Houses of Europe, Pierre Barge, Honorary President of the European Association for the Defense of Human Rights (AEDH) and Christoph Eberhard, Professor in Anthropology and Theory of the Law at the University of Saint Louis in Brussels.

Cultural Participation of Migrants (11/2012)
A first "InterCultureBarometer" survey was conducted by the Centre for Cultural Research (ZfKf): Based on 2800 interviews, it analyses how migration influences cultural life in Germany.

Culture, Development and Intercultural Dialogue in Central Asia (2010)
The Art and Culture Programme in Uzbekistan is a part of the Regional Arts and Culture Programme funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (
SDC) whose activities reflect the diversity of the local population; support art and culture activities building on a participative approach; promote intercultural dialogue between art and culture actors in the three Central Asia countries Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.

MAP for ID - Museums as Places for Intercultural Dialogue  (2009)
S. Bodo, K. Gibbs, M. Sani (eds.), Museums as places for intercultural dialogue: selected practices from Europe, published by MAP for ID partners, 2009.  

Intercultural Dialogue and Digital Culture  (11/2008)
This round table was organised by Culturelink (Zagreb) in November 2008. Participants raised a plethora of issues that need to be taken into account while researching intercultural dialogue and digital culture including outdated concepts of culture, citizenship participation, the continuing digital divide, new opportunities for younger generations, etc. A conference reader can be downloaded from the site.  

Sharing Diversity: National Approaches to Intercultural Dialogue in Europe  (03/2008)
A Europe-wide study undertaken by the ERICarts Institute for the European Commission to map national approaches, policies or strategies in Europe to ICD in the fields of education, culture, youth and sports.  

Intercultural Dialogue in Europe: Flash Eurobarometer  (11/2007)
Reports on how citizens interact with people from different cultural backgrounds and on their attitude towards cultural diversity. Download results from individual countries.

European Forum for Arts and Heritage: Island and Bridges  (2006) (Pdf document)
Website of the  EFAH conference on intercultural dialogue and the culture sector entitled, "Islands and Bridges" which took place in Helsinki 5-7 October 2006. Final report of the conference available from the home page. Further reading section of the website provides links to interesting articles by Naseem Kahn, Raj Isar, Dragan Klaic and Therese Kaufman.

 Interarts:  Cultural Policies and Immigration: Experiences and Reflections  (11/2006)
Final report of  a European seminar organised by Interarts in  Barcelona 21-22 November 2006.

European Institute for Comparative Cultural Research (ERICarts): Developing Indicators on Intercultural Dialogue, Cultural Policies and the Compendium
Series of indicators developed in 2004 to collect information on  intercultural dialogue from the point of view of cultural policies in general and the Compendium methodology in particular.