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Passionate Democracy

The Scottish Referendum: What's next?

Written in the wake of the independence referendum with its landmark turnout of voters, the personal thoughts and experiences of Compendium expert Andrew Ormston provide us with a first-hand impression of the campaign and what it could mean for cultural policies in Scotland. According to him, there are signs that cultural actors in the (now still) north of the UK may be more attracted by ideas and solutions of close-by Nordic countries than by those postulated in the halls of Westminster….

more » | Research & Development Archive »


Successful Vienna Compendium Assembly

December 12 and 13, 2013, the 12th Assembly of Compendium Experts took place at the "Architekturzentrum" in Vienna (see the  Vienna Agenda).  It was held in the framework of the Austrian Presidency of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe. The event contributed to the follow-up on the Ministerial Conference on Culture (Moscow, 15-16 April 2013) by offering an internal seminar and public forum on "Culture and Democracy in the Digital Era - Hopes and Threats", including keynotes of Snežana Samardžić-Marković (Director General II, Council of Europe), Oleksandr Butsenko (Development Center "Democracy through Culture", Ukraine) and Asu Aksoy (Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey).

At this event which brought together ca. 100 specialists, cultural policy makers, experts and practitioners from all over Europe worked to identify indicators on culture’s contribution to democracy and debated – based on empirical evidence or case-studies – controversial issues such as the conditions for cultural creation, innovation, and dissemination in the digital era, while considering the largest possible cultural access and participation.

In addition, the 2013 Assembly of Experts celebrated the 15th anniversary of the Compendium information and monitoring platform, which started 1998 under the auspices of the Culture Committee of the Council of Europe, at the time as an experiment with 7 country profiles. 15 years later, nearly all countries subscribing to the European Cultural Convention are part of the Compendium 'community of practice', with the last few missing expected to join in the coming years.

Cultural Access & Participation

Introducing the new THEMES! section

Since the start of the Compendium project 15 years ago, cultural access and participation were seen as important issues to be dealt with on this information and monitoring platform. Until now, related information and data could be found in various sub-sections of individual Compendium country profiles as well as in a number of comparative / statistical tables that address e.g.: active cultural participation in Europe; participation in selected cultural activities; Internet penetration rates and Facebook users; trends in visits of libraries and in reading; number of screens and cinema admissions per capita; etc.
However, since  equitable cultural access and participation have long been considered to be an important human right and since related issues recently gained momentum in the European political discourse where broad civil society participation is now seen as an essential factor of democratic governance, including in social inclusion policies and as a means to foster intercultural dialogue, the Compendium Editors decided to further underline its transversal character in a special THEMES! section.
Together with important background documents and links to research, the information provided in the new section can assist governments and NGOs in their efforts to start monitoring and comparing policies and related measures that aim at enhancing cultural participation or improving access to arts, media and heritage activities for different groups of the population.

More empirical evidence is to follow, including in the context of the Cultural Participation Research Process that was initiated at the 2012 Compendium Assembly and the connected CultureWatchEurope conference in Helsinki. A Council of Europe Ministerial Conference held 2013 in Moscow has been the next important step on a road towards more evidence-based policymaking.

Check the Intercultural Cities Index!

The ICC  Index - with a focus on the intercultural integration of migrants and minorities - attempts to assess and compare the current status and performance of now 58 cities (with more to come in the near future).

Cities of Bilbao, Limassol, Mexico City and Zurich were reindexed in 2013 and the cities of Coimbra and Hamburg were recently added to the ICC Index!

The ICC Index aims to start needed debates by highlighting a few facts and processes which suggest the level of interculturality of a city.

Compare different cities and indicators at ICC Charts


42 Countries

  • Quick Facts
  • Cultural Policy Profiles, Updates, Key Documents, Downloads
  • Compendium Grid in your own language (26 languages)
  • Profiles of National Experts

The cultural policy profiles of Austria, Germany and Liechtenstein are now also accessible in German language, those of France and Monaco in French language!
Cyprus as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina plan to deliver their first national cultural policy profiles soon. As well, preparations for new profiles are to start in Belarus and Luxembourg.
The number of country profiles will then grow  to 46!

Transversal Themes

Presents integrated information on cross-cutting, transversal issues of priority to cultural policy makers and analysts (with more to follow in 2014):

  • Since end 2012: Section on cultural access & participation
  • Since 2011: Section on cultural rights and ethics
  • Cultural diversity
  • Intercultural dialogue (including the Interncultural Cities Index)
  • Status of artists
  • International cultural co-operation and mobility

Cultural Statistics in Europe

Updated comparative tables and graphs on population, participation, markets, employment, public funding

NEW! Facebook users in Europe and CUPIX 2013 (Cultural Price Index on Goods and Services)

Comparative Overviews

Updated comparative tables on cultural policy governance and other issues.

Compilation of articles on comparative methodologies and the links between research and policy development

Publish your work in this space by submitting your articles for review!

Monitoring Standards, Developments and Trends in Cultural Policy

The Compendium Community is engaged in a number of exercises to monitor the implementation of:

  • Standard Setting Instruments in the Cultural Sector  
    (Since 2011: Monitoring Table on the Audiovisual Heritage Convention)
  • Developments in National Laws and Policies
  • Key recommendations made within the Council of Europe National Cultural Policy Review Programme (in development)

The Compendium is  recognised as a key instrument of the Council of Europe's CultureWatchEurope governance initiative.

Compendium Facebook-Page Compendium LinkedIn-Discussion-Group Compendium Youtube-Page

What do you think ?

Colin Mercer's plea for connecting cultural policies and related research more with social cohesion and citizenship issues…

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Cultural Policy Actor in Focus

Cas the outgoing director of the Boekman Foundation, Study Centre for the Arts, Culture and related Policy in Amsterdam.

more »
CPA-Archiv... »

euro|topics - Culture/Media

Intercultural Cities Index
Cultural Rights & Ethics
Intercultural Dialogue

              Council of Europe/ERICarts, "Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe, 15th edition", 2014 | ISSN 2222-7334