COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Hungary/ 8.4 Amateur arts, cultural associations and civil initiatives  

8.4.2 Cultural houses and community cultural clubs

Although political control of the communist system over the "houses of culture" caused them harm after the fall of that regime, the network of multi-purpose cultural institutions all over the country has re-gained its position. These institutions give homes to the cultural associations and amateur groups in all sectors of culture. Although they run programmes that may be labelled as adult education, social policy or youth policy, and many of them act as public Internet centres etc., in Hungary "művelődési házak" (local community centres or socio-cultural institutions) have always been considered part of the cultural sector. In a number of smaller towns and villages local cultural policy is almost synonymous with maintaining the house of culture, absorbing the greater part of the cultural budget.

Table 13:   Local community culture, 2000-2012

Year

Number of community cultural institutions
("művelődési házak")

2000

3 265

2005

3 778

2010

2 924

2011

2 878

2012

2 824

Source:     Central Statistical Office.

To illustrate the content, here are the types of activities that were reported in the 2 824 cultural houses in 2012:

Table 14:   Content of local community cultural institutions, 2012

Type of activity

Frequency

Lectures

25 200

Other information events

5 200

Creative community activities

13 200

Workshops

9 300

Training

2 400

Exhibitions

14 400

Arts events

35 500

Folklore events

3 300

Entertainment

21 300

Community events

43 000

Source:     Central Statistical Office.

The most important recent development in this area is the considerable share this sector receives from the European Structural Funds in the framework of the New Hungary Development Plan 2007-2013, as presented at chapter 4.1. In addition to the existing network, a new type of institution, the Integrated Community Service Spaces was established in the frame of the rural development programme of the EU. The hundreds of such IKSZT-s created in settlements with less than 5 000 inhabitants have cultural services too, among their functions.


Chapter published: 10-02-2015

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