COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Hungary/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation  

8.2.1 Trends and figures

Households spent 771 146 HUF in 2009 (0.7% decrease compared to 2008), of which 4.1% went to culture which increased by the next years as it is shown on Table 8.

Table 7:    Household expenditure for private cultural participation and consumption, by domains, in HUF, per capita, 2010 and 2011

Items (field / domain)

Household expenditure for culture

% share of total household expenditure

2010

2011

2010

2011

News, journals

4 053

4 222

0.52%

0.51%

Cultural services (cinemas, theatres, museums, etc.)

15 069

14 243

1.92%

1.74%

Cultural tourism

14 494

14 463

1.85%

1.76%

TOTAL

59 761

58 990

7.62%

7.20%

Source:    http://www.ksh.hu

Some of the time series data reflect the breaks and turbulences attached to the change of regime in the early 1990s: fall in the numbers of libraries, published books, films exhibited, cinemas, theatres and their audiences, visits to museums etc.

Some of these managed to considerably regain vigour around the millennium and have kept that level (book titles, films exhibited, museums and their visitors), or again fell back somewhat in recent years (cinemas and cinema-goers), others are on the rise (theatre life). Library lending shows a fairly regular trend over more than a decade, showing a slightly downward slope.

Table 8:    Library statistics, 1980-2014

Year

Number of public libraries

Units lent in public libraries (million)

1980

4 915

40.7

1990

4 179

35.9

2000

3 132

34.5

2005

3 230

30.8

2010

3 474

26.5

2011

3 501

26.2

2012

3 355

24.6

2013

3 522

24.3

2014

3 874

23.1

Source:    Central Statistical Office.

Table 9:    Cinema, theatre and concert statistics, 1990-2015

Year

1990

2000

2010

2014

2015

Cinema halls (No.)

1 960

564

411

316

353

Cinema projections (1 000)

416

372

478

420

473

Cinema (No. of visits per 1 000 persons)

3 495

1 426

1 111

1 002

1 268

*Theatre (No.)

43

52

143

168

167

*Theatre (1 000 performances)

12

13

19

26

25

*Theatre (No. of visits per 1 000 persons)

482

393

458

655

658

Concerts (No.)

1 723

1 281

3 654

4 313

4 504

Concert (1 000 visits)

749

426

994

1 562

1 794

Concert (No. of visits per 1 000 persons)

72

42

99

158

182

Source:    Central Statistical Office.
Note:       * From 2008, statistics include independent / alternative theatres, too. Only classical music is included under concerts; from 2008, statistics cover a fuller range than previously.

Table 10:  Museum visitors, 1990-2013

Year

Number of museums

Visits (million)

Visits per thousand inhabitants

1990

754

14.0

1 349

2000

812

9.9

987

2010

647

9.4

946

2011

645

8.4

845

2012

672

8.4

840

2013

699

9.1

923

2014

700

9.6

969

2015

700

9.7

984

Source:    Central Statistical Office.

Besides the downsizing of a few museums (categorising them as exhibition places only), an important reason of the decrease in numbers was the absence of large scale central exhibitions in 2011-2012. In 2013, however, both the Museum of Fine Arts (Szépművészeti) and the National Gallery (Nemzeti Galéria) attracted increasing numbers (e.g. "From Caravaggio to Canaletto"). From 2016 the closing of the Museum of Fine Arts due to reconstruction will probably be reflected in the attendance figures.


Chapter published: 24-11-2016

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