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Hungary/ 5.3 Sector specific legislation  

5.3.3 Cultural heritage

The Act on Archives was passed in 1995. In 2001, an Act was passed on the Protection of Cultural Heritage, covering the areas of archaeology, built heritage and protection of movable objects. These Acts define the specific ownership requirements of state, local government and private (including Church) enterprises, and stipulate the rules for the protection and utilisation of heritage. In 2010 and 2011 the issue of preventive archaeological explorations before infrastructure investments was modified twice. Firstly, county museums received back the rights and task of such explorations (and the national authority was terminated); secondly, conditions for archaeological activities were restricted to 30 workdays and 1% of the investment budget or 200 million HUF. 

Act LXXVII/2011 on Hungarian World Heritage aims to put on solid legal and institutional basis the efficient implementation of the World Heritage Convention in Hungary and to ensure the efficient management of the Hungarian sites on the World Heritage list.

The modification of the Cultural Heritage Law (Act LXIV/2001) in 2011 established the new concepts of historic memory sites and national memory sites, with 36 items belonging to the first, and nine to the second list. 

Due to the towering insurance costs connected to the Cézanne exhibition of the Szépművészeti Múzeum, a law was passed with urgency, which stipulates a state guarantee to borrowings of such a scale: Act XCV/2102 on the Special Protection of Borrowed Cultural Goods.

Chapter published: 22-11-2016

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