5.1.3 Allocation of public funds
The cultural budget of the government, however, traditionally lacks transparency, which renders international comparisons impossible without additional research. Here are a few examples from the budget for 2013: HUF 6.8 billion (ca. 22 million EUR) serves to provide "support to cultural corporations", i.e. companies owned fully or partly by the government, such as the National Theatre Share Holding Company, the National Philharmonic Orchestra, the National Cinema, several museums, the Royal Castle in Gödöllő, a huge 19th century fortress at Komárom and so on, without breaking down by companies of by cultural subsectors. HUF 11.7 billion (ca. 39 million EUR) was earmarked for the support of "public collections" (i.e. libraries, museums, archives directly supervised by the ministry) without specification or listing.
As another area of opacity, a quarter of the budget of the National Cultural Fund is at the discretion of the minister: these grants, about 7-8 million EUR a year, are subsequently disclosed on the website of the Fund. To illustrate the scope of this source: in 2012, 445 applicants received 1.44 billion HUF (average about 10 thousand EUR) covering the entire scale of culture.
The central budget contributes financially to the "cultural tasks" of the local governments by number of inhabitants; in 2013 28.9 billion HUF was earmarked. (This allows about 2 890 HUF, around 10 EUR per citizen per year.) Most municipalities spend several times more.