COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Hungary/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.11 New technologies and digitalisation in the arts and culture

As of 2013, analogue broadcasting of M1 public television was discontinued by a decision of the National Media and Info-communication Authority; at the same time state support is given for those "users in need" (i.e. beneficiaries of social support) who are now switching to digital broadcast by necessity.

In 2010 the former national film archive was upgraded to the Hungarian National Digital Archive and Film Institute – MaNDA, to act as the main base of the programme under the same acronym. Besides the original functions relating to cinema, MaNDA undertakes the co-ordination of the digitisation of all means of cultural expression, from printed material to museum objects (http://www.kulturkincs.hu = cultural treasure).

Plans for the MaNDA programme include the establishment of a logistical centre in the city of Ózd in former industrial premises, where most of the actual digitising is supposed to be executed in the kultúrgyár (culture factory). The costs, estimated at about HUF 9 billion (ca. EUR 30 million), come mainly from the EU Structural Funds. Source: http://www.ozd.hu/content.php?cid=cont_501807bde873c4.82657862. The first 1 billion HUF was put to tender for the establishment of a "film history entertainment park". 

The Petőfi Literature Museum is in charge of the Digital Literary Academy, which keeps digitised oeuvres of contemporary writers who make their works available on the Internet by contract. Created in 1998, this unique endeavour had the works of 83 authors in 2015; 33 of members are alive, who each receive a monthly allowance four times the value of the official minimum wage.

MEK, the Hungarian Electronic Library, launched in 1994 on a private initiative, contains nearly fifteen thousand items (2016). Embedded into the National Széchényi Library, the project has maintained its community features (see also chapter 9.2).

The National Audiovisual Archive (NAVA) was established in 2004. NAVA acts as the legal deposit archive for the public and commercial television and radio channels that broadcast all over the country. NAVA plays the same role for electronic programmes as the National Széchényi Library does for printed publications or as MaNDA does for Hungarian films. The NAVA collection can be freely reached on-line from several hundred "NAVA points", terminals in libraries, schools, etc. registered within the framework regulated by law (http://www.nava.hu/english/nava/index.php). Since 2011 NAVA is operated by an agency of the public media.

The on-going telematic development of the public library system was an important focus of attention and received significant additional resources from the EU Structural Funds during the 2007-2013 seven-year period.


Chapter published: 18-11-2016

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