The Cultural Finance Report 2012 shows that the evolution of cultural expenditure (2005-2009) differs greatly between the states in former West and East Germany.
Per capita expenditure by municipalities increased significantly between 2001 and 2009.
6.2.1 Aggregated indicators
Due to the various definitions of "culture", the available statistics differ widely. In the interest of presenting the most comprehensive picture possible, two sets of statistics are given here:
According to the survey conducted by Michael Söndermann, public cultural expenditure increased by 7.3 % between 1995 and the year 2003, overall from 7.65 billion EUR to 8.31 billion EUR and per capita from 95 EUR to 99 EUR. During the same period, the general price index rose by about 8 %. The percentage of overall public expenditure (all public budgets) attributable to cultural expenditure thus declined from 1.3 % to 1.3 %. (2002) According to this methodology, public cultural expenditure has decreased from 8.56 billion EUR in 2000 to 8.0 billion EUR in 2004. Between 2003 and 2007, public expenditures on culture fell back significantly from time to time. However, in 2007, it was once again (an estimated) 8.322 billion EUR; i.e., 101 EUR per person.
According to the Kulturfinanzbericht 2003, 2006, 2008 2010, 2012 (Cultural Finance Reports) published by the Federal Statistical Office, public cultural expenditure by public authorities (federal level and Länder and municipalities), was 7.47 billion EUR (1995), 8.21 billion EUR (2000), 8.00 billion EUR (2005), 8.46 billion EUR (2007) and 9.132 billion EUR (2009) and per capita rose from 91.45 EUR (1995) to 102.83 (2007), to 116.18 EUR (2009). The percentage share of public expenditure (all public budgets) attributable to cultural expenditure in the gross domestic product thus amended from 0.40 (1995 and 2000) to 0.36% (2005 and 2007 to 0.38% (2009).
According to the Cultural Finance Report 2012, the Länder in 2009 spent a total of 3.8 billion EUR, of which the 13 non-city states accounted for 2.8 billion EUR and the 3 city states (Berlin, Hamburg, Bremen) accounted for 1.0 billion EUR. The evolution of expenditures of the Länder differed: while the 8 former West German non-city states increased their expenditures from 1995 to 2009 to 32.5 % (corresponding per capita from 64.56 EUR to 83.63 EUR), the 5 former East German non-city states (including Berlin) increased only by 4.9 % (whereas per capita from 109.31 EUR to 125.55 EUR) and in the city-states by 3.1 % (1995 per capita: 166.04 EUR and 2009 170.67 EUR).
The municipalities in 2009 spent a total of 4.1 billion EUR, with a per capita average of 50.20 EUR. Notable increases can be recognised, with the per capita expenditure in 2001 at 40.30 EUR. The per capita expenditure by metropolis with more than 500 000 inhabitants in 2009 was 128.05 EUR compared to larger scale cities with less than 20 000 inhabitants with 19.78 EUR.