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Germany/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.2 National definition of culture

There is no binding definition of culture that could serve as the basis for cultural programmes and measures in Germany. In contrast to the situation in the first two decades after the founding of the Federal Republic of Germany, one can safely say that the cultural philosophies of the democratic parties at all levels of government no longer significantly differ. One reason for this convergence is the intense cultural policy debate that began in the early 1970s in the context of the "New Cultural Policy" (see chapter 1). This debate led to a broadening of the narrow concept of culture prevailing in the 1950s and 1960s, which had been very strongly oriented towards the traditional cultural value system handed down for generations, to include new content and focus. The term "culture" today, thus encompasses contemporary creative and artistic activity (both inside and outside the framework of the traditional cultural institutions) as well as the culture of everyday life.

Chapter published: 30-08-2016

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