5.1.8 Data protection laws
The provisions on data protection in Georgia are available within the Law on Copyright and Related Rights (see chapter 5.1.7). The Law establishes the rights of authors and owners of software and databases, enables the authorised users of original databases or their copies to make necessary changes for the normal operation of the customers' hardware without the consent of the author or a person who owns the copyright on the software and databases.
The Law on Telecommunications (2005) establishes the legal and economic principles for the operation of the electronic communication networks and resources all over Georgia. The Law establishes the principles of creation and regulation of a competitive environment in this sphere. The National Communications Commission of Georgia is the regulatory authority in relation to the Law on Telecommunications (2005), Law on Broadcasting (2004), and Law on Independent National Regulatory Authorities (09.13.2002). The terms of reference of the Commission covers the drafting and adoption of relevant statutory acts.
However, data protection is recognised as a major issue in Georgia. Some efforts to resolve problems in this area were made by the State Department on Information Provision which has drafted the Bill on E-documents, E-signatures, E-agreements and E-commerce. This Bill is intended to regulate the mechanisms for the production activity of electronic facilities.