COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Georgia/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

Statistical data on employment in the cultural sector is not available.

In light of the annual growth in unemployment (exact data is not available) and a lack of regulation of social protection for workers, employment issues in the culture sphere are not a current issue of importance for the state.

In Georgia, the reorganisation of the social infrastructure, including the cultural sphere, is a continuing process; in 2004 alone, the municipal service for culture was reorganised three times. The institutions subordinate to the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection are also in the process of reorganisation (see chapter 4.1) which has reduced the number of staff employed in the cultural sector.

The highest unemployment rate is evident in the intellectual, cultural sphere. The wages of cultural workers are the lowest in the public sector (84 GEL monthly); the average wage amounts to 150 GEL (Doctors and teachers earn 100 GEL per month, street cleaners earn 200 GEL and judges earn 1 700 GEL).

Table 4:  Number of employees and remuneration in Georgia, in GEL, 2004

Number of employees in 2004

 

Women

Men

Total

Culture, entertainment, recreation

20 700

22 000

42 700

 

Urban

Rural

Total

Culture, entertainment, recreation

34 400

8 300

42 700

Remuneration in 2004

 

Women

Men

Total

Culture, entertainment, recreation

69.8

110.4

84.8

Source:  State Department for Statistics

In 2007, employment in the sphere of culture has steadily declined, but no statistical research on this issue has been conducted yet.

According to the survey conducted in 2017, UNESCO Culture for Development Indicators / Georgia’s Analytical and Technical Report the employment in the cultural sphere provides 5.2% of total employment. https://www.culturepartnership.eu/upload/editor/2017/Policy%20Briefs/CDIS%20Georgia%20Analytical%20and%20Technical%20Report.pdf

At the same time, the income of those employed in public agencies significantly differs according to the spheres and institutions.

Table 5. Number of staff and salaries according to the forms of art in the public institutions of Georgia, in GEL, 2016

Sphere

Number of legal entities

Number of staff

Average salary  

Activities

Cinema

1

23

1,486

More than 100 screenings at film festivals

Up to 30 awards

Georgian Cinema Days in 5 countries

2 film productions became the winner of the Eurimages Foundation

10 local international film festivals

Literature

2

30

1,341  

447 events and 178,450 visitors.

Music

5

426

1000  

 

224 concerts

4 music festivals

13 charity concerts (1,263,742 GEL)

6 contests

17 anniversary events

Over 200,000 listeners

Folklore

5

346

797  

State Folklore Center:

1 Folklore National Festival

Representation in 15 municipalities and choirmaster school

15 expeditions in Georgia, 1 expedition abroad

Georgian Folk Song Festival “Nikozi 2015

“Svan Zari” - the element of the intangible cultural heritage

Folk poetry event “The Verse Not To Be Lost”

Digitalization of 8000 traditional handwritten folk chorales  

4 folk ensembles

142 concerts

121 tours

345,150 viewers and listeners

Cultural heritage protection

1

289

646            

Monuments registered on the territory of Georgia - 11,200

Movable monuments - 7,051

Immovable monuments - 4,112

Intangible monuments - 31

Monuments of national category - 483

Listed in UNESCO World Heritage - 5

Monuments located on the occupied territory - 285

Known monuments abroad - more than 100

Art education

6

1,619

603

Activities - 1,034

Cultural centers for ethnic minorities

6 (3 theaters and 3 museums)

326

527  

28 events,

3,000 visitors

Museums under the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection of Georgia

25

1206

485  

Activities - 782

Attendees - 590,000

 

Theater

29                      (12 in the capital city                      and 17 in regions)

2,224

740   GEL (in the capital city)

387   GEL (in regions)

4,120 performances

116 openings

242 guest and tour performances

24 charity performances

Participation of 15 theaters in 23 international festivals

564,000 spectators

Fine arts

No data available

 

No data available

 

No data available

 

51 activities; more than 700,000 visitors

Local activities (2015-2016):

Tbilisi Triennial

Artitisterium - 13 participant countries

Festinova

19 albums of Georgian artists

8 exhibitions –  the Contemporary Art Gallery

Activities outside the country (2015-2016):

Venice Biennale**

Istanbul Biennale*

Kyiv Biennale*

Prague Quadrennial

 Source: Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection Report 2016.


Chapter published: 13-02-2019

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