COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Georgia/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.10 Gender equality and cultural policies

In 1996, Georgia acceded to the International Convention on Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value adopted on 29 June 1951 by the General Conference of the International Labour Organisation, arranged by the Administrative Council of the International Labour Bureau. However, according to the available statistical data, the average remuneration of women engaged in the sphere of culture, entertainment and recreation is only 63% of the remuneration of men engaged in the same sphere. Among the Ministry staff, the number of women decreases in positions of responsibility: in 2004, out of 118 employees of the Ministry, 70 were women (59%); in 2005, out of 151 employees, only 81 are women (54%). The current Minister is male and only one of his deputies (20%) is a woman; from heads of 10 departments, 5 are women (50%). Since 2006 all deputy ministers are male.

In the 45 theatres responsible to the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection of Georgia, four of the art directors are women and there are only seven women managers (24 % of the top positions). A great number of women are employed as librarians (99%). Out of total 3 325 employees of libraries 3 305 are women.

There is no more precise statistical data relating to the employment of women in the sphere of culture, nor have gender issues been examined in the context of culture.

The total unemployment rate in Georgia in 2005 was 13.8%, and in 2010 was 16.9%.

In 2017 the survey “Pilot Scheme for Monitoring Implementation of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions” was conducted, 2017, Tbilisi. (Project by V. Gunia Union of Young Theater Artists - YTA Union).

According to the survey, the challenges are as follows:

``Section IV. Promoting Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

Area of monitoring 8 – Gender Equality

Challenges
1.    Legislation

       The issue of gender equality in culture legislation is reflected very generally; specifically, women’s cultural rights,
       including the right to express their creativity, are not covered.
2.    Gender projects in culture are available as separate initiatives of non-governmental organizations and 
       international organizations
that cannot provide the sustainable support for the consumption and availability of cultural
       goods and services by women and their involvement in and access to the cultural life.
3.    There are no culture and gender correlation studies which provide reliable data and information for creation of new
       policies. There is also no targeted budgetary research institution/organization (only Geostat is available, which
       provides only general information that is not enough);

There is no mechanisms for monitoring, evaluation and review of gender equality policy in culture; there is no research base and methodology; the efforts of NGOs in this direction are unsustainable.´´

“There are general awareness programs on gender equality that are implemented by the non-governmental sector and the state (see the Parliamentary Gender Equality Council plans http://www.parliament.ge/ge/saparlamento-saqmianoba/komisiebi-da-sabchoebi-8/genderuli-tanasworobis-sabcho; UN Women’s Projects (http://georgia.unwomen.org/en/digital library/publications?Country=5b8a019c5cf84f9ebddd61da95160f1f and others)

The only one target-oriented precedent in the cultural sphere is the competition for creation a documentary film jointly held by the Georgian National Film Center (GNFC) and UN Women -17.11.2013.´

„Among those employed in the field of culture the share of women is higher (5.6% women against 4.8% of men). Women’s average remuneration in the field of culture is less than the men’s average remuneration (no concrete statistical data available regarding remuneration amounts and gender in the cultural field). The Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection records the exhibitions, publications, concerts and other cultural activities, with participation of and leadership by women, but this is not a part of the program

In 2017, in accordance with the Culture Strategy 2025 the following is scheduled and underway:

Raising public awareness on gender equality

  • Supporting thematic projects on gender equality
  • Supporting women’s creative activities

In the framework of the promotion of child protection and social integration, the internal instruction of children’s referral, was introduced in 8 out-of-school facilities.


Chapter published: 07-02-2019

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