Priorities (2011-14) are arts education, promoting Georia abroad, heritage and museums and artforms.
2.3 Cultural policy objectives
In 2004, strategic goals for cultural policy were developed by the Ministry of Culture, Monument Protection and Sport for a period of 5 years. These are:
In 2007, the Strategic Goals for the Ministry of Culture, Monument Protection and Sport for the Years 2007-2010 were amended as follows:
The elaboration of these specific goals represents an important step forward in comparison to the more general ones published by the Ministry of Culture in the National Report of 2001. Reforms and programmes of both a general institutional nature and directly in the support of cultural heritage have also advanced.
However, within the context of priorities of the Council of Europe the ideas of promotion of identity and diversity declared by the government have no real material and economic basis but rather a political one, especially in some regions.
In 2010, the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection focused on three priorities:
Several programmes implemented in terms of the first priority, Promotion of different art branches, represent an attempt to promote the main principles of European cultural policy such as encouragement of national identity and diversity and support for creative work (see chapter 4.2).
The priorities of the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection of Georgia for 2011-2014 are:
After the Russia-Georgia military conflict in 2008, the cultural policy of the separatist governments in the breakaway "independent" republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia has been openly nationalistic and anti-Georgian. In particular, this relates to the immovable monuments of cultural heritage (see chapter 4.2.2) and teaching and use of the Georgian language (see chapter 4.2.5). The Georgian state has opposed this policy using legal measures (Law on Occupied Territories, see chapter 5) and financial tools (financing of programmes for reintegration and integration, promotion of culture of national minorities, see chapter 4).
Special attention will be paid, in the joint strategic priorities of the Ministries of Culture and Monument Protection and Internal Affairs of Georgia for 2011-2014, to the active involvement of UNESCO in the problems of protection of cultural heritage and the education sphere in the Georgian territories occupied by Russia.
On 15 October 2010, the new Constitution of Georgia was adopted, which changes the system from a presidential state model to a mixed parliamentary-presidential model. Consequently, the powers of the prime minister and the Parliament were strengthened and the presidential functions have diminished. The Constitution takes effect step by step: the section regarding judicial power has been put into force already, while the section regarding the functions of the prime minister, parliament and president will take effect after the next parliamentary and presidential elections (end of 2012, 2013).
In 2011, in the context of the adoption of the new Constitution and the declaration of the entrepreneurial model of cultural policy, the theme of correlating culture and the economy is emphasised: