COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Georgia/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.2 National definition of culture

There is no special definition of culture in contemporary Georgian legislation.

The present Georgian legislation does not provide a special definition of "culture", but there are related terms such as "cultural activity", "sphere of culture", "cultural heritage", and "cultural values".

The Law on Culture (see chapter 5) defines "cultural work" as:

  • the protection, defence, study, distribution, restoration and interpretation of cultural values; and
  • creative work – the creation, restoration and interpretation of cultural values.

The Law also defines the "sphere of culture" as the territories and objects of history and culture, buildings, movable and immovable monuments of culture, folklore, art souvenirs, crafts, art education, professional creative work and literature, education, research and development, technologies, popularisation of the cultural and creative process via mass media, cultural-entertainment programmes and showbiz. "Cultural heritage" and "cultural values" are described as products of cultural and creative work, aesthetic, artistic, scientific and technical values.

The Overview of the Georgian Cultural Policy: National Report 2001 provides the following understanding of the concept of culture: "The originality of culture is the determining factor for development of the state in the past and in the future."

The historical and confessional diversity of the Georgian state has also contributed to the concept of Georgian national culture based on diversity and tolerance.

Culture is also inseparably associated with the culture of human relations as seen through classic Georgian literature and folklore.

It may be concluded that in Georgia, the national concept of culture is understood as a system of values determining and composing the national identity, and hence, the national integrity.


Chapter published: 20-01-2016

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