8.3.1 Institutional overview
Arts and cultural education is par excellence the domain of cooperation between the Ministry of Culture and the Ministry of Education. Since the 1970s many schemes and plans were implemented to strengthen arts and cultural education during school and out-of-school, to develop artistic and cultural professional training as well as the educational mission of the cultural establishments.
In 2000, the ministers of Culture and of Education launched a five-year plan for the development of arts and culture at school, called the Lang-Tasca Plan from the names of the ministers of Culture and Education.
In 2005 this policy was revived, with in particular the installation of a High Council of the Arts and Cultural Education (Haut Conseil de l'éducation artistique et culturelle). In 2007 the authorities installed the pôles de ressources pour l'éducation artistique et culturelle (PRÉAC), that is poles of resources for the arts and cultural education. These bodies articulate their action around two dimensions:
In 2008, history of art was added to the compulsory curricula from primary school to high school. In 2012, the Minister of Culture Aurélie Filippetti launched a national consultation, chaired by the writer Marie Desplechin, to develop a new national scheme for youth to better access to art and culture. This sector is a current priority of the Ministry and benefits from one of the few increases in the cultural budgets: 33.2 million EUR in 2013, that is an increase of 8% compared to 2012.
Arts and cultural education at school addresses three objectives:
Arts education at school is the responsibility of the Minister of Education, which supervises art teaching and schemes. The out-of-school activities are mainly supervised by the territorial authorities, which cooperate to animate and support the arts academies and schools (music, dance, theatre), with the help of the state services (expertise and educational inspection, interventions of professionals and artists, etc.)
In the regions and départements, local schemes for arts and cultural education assess resources and organise the cooperation between the services of the Ministries of Culture (Regional Directorates) and Education (Local Education Authorities), and the territorial authorities (municipalities, départements, regions).