COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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France/ 7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure  

7.2 Basic data about selected public institutions in the cultural sector

Table 8:    Cultural institutions financed by public authorities, by domain

Domain

Cultural institutions (subdomains)

Number (year)

 ++

to --

Cultural heritage

Cultural heritage sites

- 14 070 classified national heritage sites "monuments historiques classés" (2012)

- 28 938 registered national heritage sites (2012)

- 119 483 classified movable objects (2011)

- Around 100 national heritage sites, State property (2013)

- 38 Unesco World Heritage Sites (2013)

- 163 sites labelled "villes et pays d'art et d'histoire" (2011)

- 373 distinguished gardens "jardins remarquables" (2011)

- 111 sites labelled "maison des illustres / residence of renowned" (2011)

 

Museums

- 1 220 Museums of France (2011)

 

Archives (of public authorities)

- 3 sites of the National Archives and 11 401 254 digitised documents (2010)

- 26 regional archives services (2010)

- 101 departmental (county) archives services and 263 142 digitised documents (2010)

- 1 National Institute of Broadcasting (audiovisual archives)

 

Intangible heritage

- 11 practices and expressions registered on the UNESCO Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage (1 "in Need of Urgent Safeguarding")

 

Visual arts

Public art galleries / exhibition halls

- 1 National Centre of Visual Arts that runs the National Fund for Contemporary Art (2013)

- 23 Regional Funds for Contemporary Art (2013)

- 50 Contemporary Art Centres in 19 regions (2012)

- 1 244 private art galleries (2011)

 

Higher Education

- 45 Art Schools in 58 sites (2013)

 

Performing arts

Symphonic orchestras

- 4 orchestras of Radio France : orchestre national de France, orchestre philharmonique de Radio France, chœur de Radio France, maîtrise de Radio France (2013)

- 24 regional orchestras (2011)

 

Music schools

- 298 communal or intercommunal conservatoires (2013)

- 110 county conservatoires (2013)

- 43 regional conservatoires (2013)

 

Higher education

- 10 music and dance academies (2011)

- 11 training centres for music and dance teachers (2011)

- 9 training centres for school music practitioners (2011)

- 11 theatre academies (2013)

- 3 circus academies (2013)

- 1 puppetry academy (2013)

- 2 performing arts academies (2013)

- 1 training platform for street arts (2013)

 

Dramatic theatre

- 5 national theatres (2013)

- 40 national and regional dramatic centres (2013)

- 178 State-approved and State-agreed theatres (scènes nationales and scènes conventionnées) (2013)

- 12 national poles of circus (2013)

- 9 national centres of street-arts (2013)

- 627 subsidised drama companies (2010)

 

Music theatres, opera houses

- 1 national opera in Paris (2 venues: Palais Garnier and Opéra Bastille) (2014)

- 1 Opéra-Comique (2014)

- 13 regional operas (2014)

- 1 Cité de la musique in Paris (2014)

- 11 musical auditoriums in Paris (salle Pleyel, Louvre auditorium, Radio France auditorium, opening of the Philharmonie de Paris in 2015), Angers, Bourges, Bordeaux, Dijon, Lille, Lyon, Nantes (2014)

 

Dance and ballet companies

- 1 National Dance Centre (2013)

-19 choreographic centres and ballet companies (2010)

- 10 centres for choreographic development (2013)

- 258 subsidised dance companies (2011)

 

Books and Libraries

Libraries

- 3 special-status libraries: Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF), Bibliothèque publique d'information (BPI), médiathèque (multimedia library) of Cité des sciences et de l'industrie (2014)

- 6 948 municipal libraries (2011)

- 97 county libraries (2014)

- 5 overseas county libraries and 1 Bernheim Library in New Caledonia (2014)

- More than 1 400 academic libraries and resource centres involved in the collective catalogue of Higher Education and Research institutions (Système Universitaire de Documentation), corresponding to around 3 400 information and resource points/venues (2014)

 

Other institutions

- 1 National Centre for Book Industry (Centre national du livre) (2013)

- 20 regional institutions for book policy (2011)

 

Audiovisual

Broadcasting organisations

- France Télévision: 5 national mainland TV channels (France 2, France 3, France 4, France 5 et France Ô) and 1 overseas broadcasting network (TV and radio)

- Radio France: 6 national stations (France Inter, France Info, France Culture, France Musiques, FIP, Le Mouv') and 1 network of local stations (France Bleu)

- 1 Franco-German and European channel: Arte France

- France Médias Monde: 1 international radio (RFI), 1 arab-speaking radio (Monte Carlo Doualiya), 1 international news channel (France 24), shareholder of 49% of the French-speaking world channel TV5.

 

Interdisciplinary

Socio-cultural centres / cultural houses

- 1 460 "youth and culture centres" (maisons des jeunes et de la culture, MJC) and associated institutions, organised in 2 main unions (2013):

- Fédération française des MJC: 560 MJC

- Confédération des MJC de France: 900 MJC

 

Other

 

- 5 heritage academies: École du Louvre, École nationale des Chartes, National Institute of Heritage, École de Chaillot, National Academy of Information Sciences and Libraries.

- 3 cinema and audiovisual academies: École nationale supérieure Louis Lumière, Inasup-audiovisual and digital techniques academy, La Femis-national academy of image and sound

- 5508 cinemas in mainland France (2012)

- around 300 artistic and cultural academic training courses in more than 50 universities: visual and applied arts, music and performing arts, cinema and audiovisual, arts management and administration, history of art, heritage and archaeology (2008).

 

Sources :  Site du ministère de la Culture : http://www.culturecommunication.gouv.fr
Statistiques culturelles du DEPS, ministère de la Culture : http://www.culturecommunication.gouv.fr/Politiques-ministerielles/Etudes-et-statistiques/Les-statistiques-culturelles/  
ABES : agence bibliographique de l'enseignement supérieur http://www.abes.fr
Unesco, liste du patrimoine mondial et liste du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l'humanité : http://www.unesco.org
Onisep : Office national d'information sur les enseignements et les professions : http://www.onisep.fr
Association Art+Université+Culture : http://www.auc.asso.fr


Chapter published: 18-05-2017

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