Ministry of Culture budget for 2013 scored 2% below that of 2012.
6.1 Short overview
Due to the wide diversity of the sources available and the differences between the modes of calculation that are used, the figures and data on the financing of culture in France are given here for informative and indicative purposes.
The relative dimension of the data is reinforced by the fact that the last available data concerning the expenditure of territorial authorities dates from 2006. A next survey will allow updating of the data.
Besides, the funds allocated to the "advance account for public broadcasting" (compte d'avances sur l'audiovisuel public) are not taken into account in the comparative presentation of the expenditure of the Ministry of Culture (see chapter 6.2). These funds are advanced to the public broadcasting institutions which reimburse it to the state once they have collected the audiovisual licence fees (redevance audiovisuelle) that households are due to pay every year. The main sources used are:
According to the official presentation of the project budget for 2013, the Ministry of Culture has a total budget of 7 363 million EUR:
This budget is 2% lower than in 2012 (all expenses included), which shows that the Ministry contributes to the general effort for recovery of the public accounts. Some key figures for 2013:
The financial effort of the state in the cultural domain outside of the budget of the Ministry of Culture and Communication is estimated as follows for 2013:
The data on the cultural expenditure of the territorial authorities, last released in 2006, indicate:
A survey of the Association of French Regions indicates that the cultural expenditure of the regions in 2011 reached 687 million EUR (cf. http://www.arf.asso.fr/observatoire-des-politiques-regionales/observatoire-des-politiques-regionales-autres).
The main part of private expenditure on culture is household expenditure. It is estimated to have been 21.8 billion EUR in 2011. Private expenditure also encompasses cultural corporate sponsorship: around 494 million EUR in 2012 (see chapter 6.2.3). Firms also contribute to financing culture and communication with their publicity and advertising expenses, which represented, in 2011, nearly 3.5 billion EUR for the press, the same amount for television, 744 million EUR for radio, 105 million EUR for cinema and 616 million EUR for the internet.
The exportation of cultural goods reached 2.78 billion EUR in 2011 (books, press, phonograms, videos, sheet music and instruments, artefacts…). The receipts of the transfer of rights of French film for exportation abroad (for cinema, TV and video), including the films in coproduction, reached 156.7 million EUR in 2011.