4.2.8 Social cohesion and cultural policies
The Ministère de la Ville was created in 1990, specialising in urban problems. It implements the "Politique de la ville" - which defines interdepartmental projects to be carried out in the districts, the cities or the municipalities, or even in an entire département such as the Seine Saint-Denis (93). At the core of this policy is cultural development which has been supported by the Ministry of Culture and Communication and its Regional Directorates. Since 2002, their interest has been decreasing with new emphasis placed on social assistance and social housing construction. Decreasing subsidies has been particularly detrimental to cultural action in this field.