5.3.7 Mass media
See Table 7 in chapter 5.3.6 for the main broadcasting legislation.
TV programme quotas are set out in the 1998 Act on Radio and Television Activities and adhere to the stipulations of the EU Directive "Television Without Frontiers". The Finnish legislation follows Articles 4.1 of the Directive that presupposes the transmission of European programmes on TV-channels for "...a majority proportion of their transmission time, excluding the time appointed to news, sports events, games, advertising and teletext services". Following the stipulations of Article 5 of the Directive, the Finnish Act on Radio and Television Activities sets a quota of 15% for programmes by independent producers, with a clause that these programmes must have been produced during the last five years.
The Finnish Film Foundation, which is the main public agency responsible for the support of cinema, had previously no legislative basis in public law; its founding was based on the Foundation Act (109/1938) that stipulates the founding, organisation and administration of both public and private foundations. In the re-codification of the Finnish Constitution (1999) special attention was paid to the importance of not delegating public powers to private organisations without affirmation by an enacted law. This led to the need to prepare and pass the Film Art Promotion Act in 2000, which legitimised the position of the Film Foundation. Basically, the Act has not altered the modus operandi of the Film Foundation.