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Estonia/ 7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure  

7.1 Cultural infrastructure: tendencies & strategies

The most dramatic changes in the re-organisation of culture occurred between 1988 and 1995, when a move towards privatisation or désetatisation of cultural activities took place. While the most well established cultural institutions managed to adapt to the new circumstances and guard themselves against budget cuts, cultural activities in rural areas and small towns were less successful. An overall declining trend in cultural consumption and participation that was visible especially during the 1990s, but during the 2000s, a recovery seems to have taken place in this respect. There are, however, numerous NGOs advancing cultural activities, and there is a trend of establishing museums on local history. At the same time, the business sector has not yet been very active in promoting culture. In a way, the greatest "sponsors" of culture have been the individual artists, who continue their professional work, although they are often forced to finance it by earning an income outside the cultural field.

Chapter published: 13-10-2014

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